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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 4 FRAP, PRAP, and metal-chelation activities (± S.E.M.a) of the extracts at 100 μg mL-1

From: Neurobiological evaluation of thirty-one medicinal plant extracts using microtiter enzyme assays

Species Plant part Extract type FRAP (± S.E.M.a) PRAP (± S.E.M.) Metal-chelation (± S.E.M.)
ALb Fruit DCM 0.448 ± 0.02**** 0.444 ± 0.12**** 23.19 ± 6.71****
EtOAc 0.517 ± 0.33**** 0.441 ± 0.04**** 28.21 ± 5.93****
EtOH 0.591 ± 0.16**** 0.360 ± 0.14**** -c
Aerial DCM 0.554 ± 0.02**** 0.406 ± 0.18**** -
EtOAc 0.705 ± 0.15**** 0.371 ± 0.05**** -
EtOH 0.441 ± 0.16**** 0.349 ± 0.01**** 25.42 ± 0.40****
EE Fruit Juice 0.173 ± 0.006**** 0.233 ± 0.016**** 55.86 ± 4.11*
Fruit EtOH 0.217 ± 0.005**** 0.221 ± 0.004**** 13.83 ± 2.19****
Aerial EtOH 0.192 ± 0.003**** 0.232 ± 0.011**** 20.90 ± 1.74****
Root EtOH 0.166 ± 0.021**** 0.168 ± 0.005**** 29.47 ± 3.11****
CER Aerial EtOAc 0.209 ± 0.009**** 0.207 ± 0.014**** 50.96 ± 3.09**
MeOH 0.185 ± 0.010**** 0.211 ± 0.013**** -
CET Aerial EtOAc 0.232 ± 0.012**** 0.204 ± 0.019**** 36.85 ± 1.34****
MeOH 0.219 ± 0.013**** 0.216 ± 0.011**** 8.71 ± 2.04****
CM Aerial EtOAc 0.245 ± 0.012**** 0.194 ± 0.005**** 32.98 ± 3.45****
MeOH 0.294 ± 0.016**** 0.226 ± 0.007**** -
CS Aerial EtOAc 0.216 ± 0.011**** 0.191 ± 0.014**** 48.56 ± 2.95****
MeOH 0.205 ± 0.009**** 0.201 ± 0.012**** -
CT Aerial EtOAc 0.247 ± 0.025**** 0.188 ± 0.007**** 13.69 ± 3.79****
MeOH 0.246 ± 0.020**** 0.173 ± 0.008**** -
RC (wild) Aerial EtOH 1.036 ± 0.061** 0.310 ± 0.007**** -
RC (Cultivated) Aerial EtOH 0.473 ± 0.006**** 0.245 ± 0.045**** -
CG Aerial EtOH 0.492 ± 0.011**** 0.251 ± 0.015**** -
VH Aerial EtOH 0.468 ± 0.014**** 0.286 ± 0.007**** -
OHb Aerial MeOH 0.812 ± 0.040*** §d 19.86 ± 0.23****
Aqueous 0.833 ± 0.030**** § -
ZN Aerial EtOH 1.326 ± 0.065** 0.262 ± 0.013**** 2.53 ± 1.88****
ZM Leaf EtOH 0.495 ± 0.005**** 0.141 ± 0.004**** -
PO Leaf EtOH 0.346 ± 0.003**** 0.160 ± 0.001**** 14.79 ± 3.14****
Rhizome EtOH 0.532 ± 0.011**** 0.124 ± 0.001**** 3.43 ± 0.99****
Root EtOH 0.965 ± 0.036**** 0.189 ± 0.005**** -
Quercetine 1.946 ± 0.038 0.782 ± 0.009  
EDTAf    61.87 ± 4.69
  1. aStandard error mean (n = 3)
  2. bTested at 2000 μg mL-1
  3. cNo activity
  4. dNot tested
  5. eReference for FRAP and PRAP at 1000 μg mL-1
  6. fReference for metal-chelation activity at 1000 μg mL-1
  7. [* p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001, **** p < 0.0001]