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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 3 Zones of inhibition (mm) of ethanolic extract of Lenzites quercina against tested species of Staphylococcus at 50 mg/ml

From: Assessment of antistaphylococcal activity of ethanolic extract of Lenzites quercina (L) P. Karsten against clinical Staphylococcus species

Clinical samples Isolates Extract Erythromycin (20 mg/ml) Metronidazole (20 mg/ml)
Urine SASH-1 8.0a ± 0.0 14.0b ± 0.0 9.3a ± 0.1
Urine SASH-2 12.0b ± 0.0 10.0a ± 0.0 10.0a ± 0.1
Urine SASH-3 0.0a 15.0c ± 0.0 11.0b ± 0.0
Sputum SASH-4 0.0a 10.0b ± 0.0 0.0a
Sputum SASH-5 0.0a 8.3b ± 0.1 0.0a
Pus SASH-6 13.0a ±0.0 14.0a ± .0 24.0b ± 0.2
Pus SASH-7 15.0b ± 0.0 13.0a ±0.1 18.0c ± 0.0
Pus SASH-8 11.0a ±0.1 10.0a ±0.1 13.0b ± 0.0
Pus SASH-9 14.0a ±0.0 20.0c ± 0.0 17.0b ± 0.0
Stool SASH-10 0.0a 18.0c ± 0.0 14.2b ± 0.1
Wound swab SASH-11 10.0b ± 0.0 8.0a ± 0.1 17.1c ± 0.2
Wound swab SASH-12 18.0c ± 0.0 0.0a 15.2b ± 0.0
Wound swab SASH-13 11.0a ±0.3 17.0b ± 0.0 17.0b ± 0.6
Wound swab SASH-14 20.0c ± 0.0 0.0a 9.0b ± 0.0
Wound swab SASH-15 0.0a 0.0a 18.0b ± 0.0
Wound swab SASH-16 14.0b ± 0.2 21.0c ± 0.1 0.0a
Urine SADB-17 7.0b ± 0.02 10.0c ± 0.1 0.0a
Urine SABD-18 10.0b ± 0.0 0.0a 15.0c ± 0.0
Urine SADB-19 7.0a ±0.0 12.0b ± 0.0 23.0c ± 0.0
Sputum SADB-20 0.0a 10.3 ± 0.13 0.0a
Sputum SADB-21 0.0a 12.0b ± 0.0 0.0a
Pus SADB-22 17.0c ± 0.0 10.0b ± 0.0 0.0a
Pus SADB-23 12.0a ±0.0 13.1a ±0.3 19.0c ± 0.0
Pus SADB-24 16.0a ± 0.0 22.0b ± 0.1 20.0c ± 0.1
Stool SABD-25 0.0a 15.1b ± 0.1 21.0c ± 0.1
Wound swab SADB-26 0.0a 0.0a 18.0b ± 0.0
Wound swab SADB-27 6.0a ±0.0 18.0c ± 0.0 16.1b ± 0.3
Wound swab SADB-28 0.0a 15.0b ± 0.0 14.2b ± 0.1
Pus SEDB-29 8.0b ± 0.0 0.0a 20.0c ± 0.0
Wound swab SEDB-30 0.0a 0.0a 18.0b ± 0.0
Wound swab SEDB-31 13.0b ± 0.0 0.0a 16.0c ± 0.0
Wound swab SEDB-32 0.0a 17.0c ± 0.0 9.0b ± 0.0
Pus SESH-33 0.0a 0.0a 11.0b ± 0.0
Pus SESH-34 10.0b ± 0.0 8.0a ±0.0 13.0c ± 0.0
Pus SESH-35 22.0c ± 0.0 0.0a 10.3b ± 0.1
Wound swab SESH-36 18.0c ± 0.3 14.3b ± 0.2 0.0a
Wound swab SESH-37 14.0b ± 0.0 0.0a 15.0b ± 0.0
Wound swab SESH-38 0.0a 9.0b ± 0.0 0.0a
Urine SSSH-39 10.0b ± 0.0 11.0b ± 0.0 0.0a
Urine SSSH-40 16.1b ± 0.3 0.0a 16.0b ± 0.0
Urine SSSH-41 8.0b ± 0.0 9.0b ± 0.0 0.0a
Urine SSSH-42 0.0a 11.0c ± 0.0 7.0b ± 0.0
  *MRSA 13.3c ± 0.2 11.0b ± 0.0 8.3a ± 0.2
  *S. aureus (ATCC 29213) 14.3ab ± 0.1 15.0b ± 0.0 12.7a ± 0.8
  1. Values are mean ± sd of replicates (n = 3), means with different letters within a row are significantly different by Duncan (P < 0.05), 0.0 = no zone of inhibition observed, *isolates are used as the control
  2. SASH1-16 Staphylococcus aureus from State Specialist Hospital, Akure, SADB17-28 Staphylococcus aureus from Don Bosco Hospital, Akure, SEDB29-32 Staphylococcus epidermidis from Don Bosco Hospital, Akure, SESH33-38 Staphylococcus epidermidis from State Specialist Hospital, Akure, SSSH39-42 Staphylococcus saprophyticus from State Specialist Hospital, Akure