Skip to main content

International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Clinical Phytoscience Cover Image

Table 2 Antioxidants activities of Northern Africa African plants

From: African natural products with potential antioxidants and hepatoprotectives properties: a review

Plants Family Part used Solvents Assay Methods Inhibition/EC50 Country of origin References
Acacia arabica (Lam) Wild. Fabaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 61.20% at 50 μg/mL Sudan [188]
Acacia nilotica Delile. Mimosaceae Bark EtOH SORSA 75% at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Acacia nilotica Delile. Mimosaceae Pod MeOH DPPH 37.57 μM Sudan [189]
Acalypha marginata Spreng. Euphorbiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 29/89 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Achillea millefolium L. Asteraceae Leaf EtOH DPPH/TBA 58.11/51.2 at 100 μg/mL Egypt [190]
Adansonia digitata L. Malvaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH 13% Sudan [191]
Adhatoda vasica Nees. Acauthaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 3/13 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Adhatoda vasica Nees. Acanthaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH >100 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Ajuga iva (L.) Schreb. Lamiaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH 486.60 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Albezzia anthelmintica Benth. Loganiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 20/49 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Albezzia stipulate (DC.) Bovin. Mimosaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 1/18 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Albizzia anthelmintica Benth. Mimosaceae - EtOH SOCA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Alhagi maurorum Medik. Leguminosae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.47 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Aloe vera L. Xanthorrhoeaceae Juice MeOH DPPH >100 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Alternanthera versicolor Forssk. Amaranthaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 0.5/71 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Althaea rosea Hohen. Malvaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 19/58 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Amaranthus tricolor L. Amaranthaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 1/0 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Anabasis articulata L. Chenopodiaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 40/42% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Anacyclus clavatus Pers. Asteraceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH 27.20 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Anacyclus pyrethrum L (DC). Asteraceae Root MeOH DPPH 26.3 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Anastatica hierochuntica L. Brassicaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH 150.85 μg/mL Egypt [195]
Anogeisus leiocarpus (DC.) Guill. & Perr. Combretaceae Leaf MeOH FRAP 92% Sudan [196]
Anthorium scherzerianum Schott. Araceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 14/37 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Antigonon leptopus Hook & Arm. Polygonaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH 89% Sudan [197]
Arbutus Pavarii Pamp. Ericaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 4.55 μg/mL Algeria [198]
Arbutus unedo L. Ericaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH/ABTS 3.8/4.2 μg/mL Algeria [199]
Argemone mexicana L. Papaveraceae Not stated EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Aristolochia bracteolata L. Aristolochiaceae Not stated EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Artemisia absinthium L. Compositae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.89 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Artemisia annua L. Asteraceae Leaf EtOH DPPH/TBA 37.97/49.6 at 100 μg/mL Egypt [190]
Arum palaestinum Boiss. Araceae Leaf EtOH/H2O DPPH 12/43% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Asparagus plumosus Baker. Liliaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 0/16 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Asparagus setaceus Jessop. Liliaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 5/15 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Asparagus stipularis Rch. D. Liliaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 72/70% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Asphodelus microcarpus Rch. D. Liliaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 60/49% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Aspidistra lurida Ker Gawl. Convallariaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 0/39 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Astragalus pinosus L. Leguminosae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 28/19% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Atriplex halimus L. Chenopodiaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 70/50% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Balanites aegyptiaca Delile. Balanitaceae Bark EtOH SORSA 72% at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Balanites aegyptiaca Delile. Balanitaceae Seed Oil   17% Sudan [200]
Bauhenia variegata Leguminosae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 18/94 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Bauhinia alba Buch. Caesalpiniaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH/ABTS 74.32/25.29 μg/mL Egypt [201]
Beta vulgaris L. Amaranthaceae Leaf Cold H2O/hot H2O/MeOH DPPH 0.5/22/0.48 mg/mL Egypt [202]
Beta vulgaris L. Amaranthaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 41/30% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Bombax malabaricum DC. Bombacaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 2/96 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Boswellia sacra Flueck. Burseraceae Gum MeOH DPPH >100 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Bougainvillea glabra Choisy. Nyctaginaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 20/50 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Bougainvillea pixie-pink Nyctaginaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 22/39 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Bougainvillea spectabilis Wild. Nyctaginaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 12/38 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Brachichton acerifolium Sterculiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 16/22 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Brassica nigra W.D.J. Koch. Brassicaceae Seed MeOH DPPH 32.82 μML Sudan [189]
Brassica nigra W.D.J. Koch. Brassicaceae Seed MeOH DPPH >100 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Brassica rapa L. Brassicaceae Root MeOH DPPH >100 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Buddleia davidii Franch Loganiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 10/50 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Buddleja rufescens Caesalpiniodeae Leaf MeOH DPPH 81% at 500 μg/mL Sudan [203]
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. Loganiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 25/27 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Cakile maritime Scop. Cruciferae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 58/55% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Calendula officinalis L. Asteraceae Leaf EtOH DPPH/TBA 22.08/2.60 at 100 μg/mL Egypt [190]
Calendula officinalis L. Asteraceae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.67 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Calicotome spinosa L. Fabaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 29.20 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Calicotome villosa Poir. Fabaceae Leaf MeOH ß-CLAMS 29.8 μg/mL Tunisia. [204]
Caliistemon lanceolatus (Curtis) Dum.Cours. Myrtaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 23/78 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Calliandra haematocephala Hassk. Mimosaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 10/23 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Camellia sinensis (L). Kuntze. Theaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 17.044 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Camellia sinensis (L). Kuntze. Theaceae Leaf EtOH/H2O DPPH 85/70% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Camellia sinensis (L). Kuntze. Theaceae Leaf Tea DPPH 3.0 μg/mL Algeria [205]
Capparis Spinosa L. Capparidaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 57.75 μg/mL Algeria [198]
Capsicum annuum L. Solanaceae Fruit EtOH/H2O DPPH 57/25% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Capsicum annuum L. Solanaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 90/81% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Capsicum frutescens L. Solanaceae Leaf Cold H2O/hot H2O/MeOH DPPH 0.69/22.2/0.57 mg/mL Egypt [202]
Carissa grandiflora A.DC. Apocynaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 2/0 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Cassia acutifolia L. Fabaceae Leaf Cold H2O/hot H2O/MeOH DPPH 0.58/39/0.59 mg/mL Egypt [202]
Cassia didymobotrya Delile. Fabaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 19.5/12 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Cassia fistula L. Fabaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 21.6/45 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Cassia fistula L. Fabaceae Fruit MeOH DPPH 75 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Cassia nigricans Vahl. Caesalpinaceae Not stated EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Cassia senna L. Ceasalpiniaceae Ieaf MeOH DPPH 33.56 μM Sudan [189]
Centaurea calcitrapa L. Asteraceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH 231.70 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Ceratonia siliqua L. Fabaceae Pod H2O DPPH/ABTS 7.7/9.7% Morocco [206]
Cestrum diurnum ex Dunal. Solonaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 30/20 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Chrysanthemum frutesence (L.) Sch. Bip. Compositae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 0/87 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Chrysanthemum red L. Asteraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 15.53 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Cistanche phelypaea L. Orobanchaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 50/85% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Cistus incanus L. Cistaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 17.75 μg/mL Algeria [198]
Cistus Parviflorus Gaterau. Cistaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 4.75 μg/mL Algeria [198]
Citrullus colocynthis (L) Schrad. Cucurbitaceae Not stated EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Citrus limon (L) Osbeck Rutaceae Fruit EtOH/H2O DPPH 91/70% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Cochlospermum planchonii Hook. F. ex Planach. Cochlospermaceae Root MeOH DPPH/FRAP 01.83/06.50 mg/mL Egypt [207]
Colocasia antiquorum Schott. Araceae Leaf Cold H2O/hot H2O/MeOH DPPH 0.49/49.7/0.27 mg/mL Egypt [202]
Combretum aculeatum Vent. Combretaceae Leaf MeOH FRAP 98% Sudan [196]
Combretum hartmannianum Schweinf. Combretaceae Leaf EtOH/MeOH/H2O DPPH 146/14/967 μg/mL Sudan [208]
Combretum hartmannianum Schweinf. Combretaceae Leaf MeOH RSA/FRAP 86/11% Sudan [208]
Combretum hartmannianum Schweinf. Combretaceae Leaf MeOH FRAP 99% Sudan [196]
Conocarpus erectus L. Combretaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 15/45 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Coratonia siliqua L. Loganiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 1.5/40 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Cordia africana Lam. Boraginaceae Leaf/Stem bark/Fruit MeOH DPPH 80/88/74/37% Sudan [209]
Cordia sebestena Andrew. Boraginaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 15/42 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Cordyline fruticosa Gopp. Laxmamiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 18/21 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Crinum longifolium L. Amaryllidaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 6/21 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Cryptostegia grandiflora R. Br. Asclpiadaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 0/35 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Cucurbita maxima Duchesne. Cucurbitaceae Seed EtOH DPPH 38% Sudan [191]
Cucurbita pepo Vell. Cucurbitaceae Leaf MeOH/H2O DPPH >0.19 mg/mL Algeria [210]
Cupressus sempervirens L. Cupressaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 6/65 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Cupressus sempervirens L. Cupressacea Leaf MeOH DPPH 29.20 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Cymbopogon citratus Stapf. Poaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH/TBA 24.79/2.7 at 100 μg/mL Egypt [190]
Cymbopogon citratus Stapf. Poaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 30.64 μM Sudan [189]
Cymbopogon schoenanthus Spreng. Poaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 34.28 μML Sudan [189]
Cynara scolymus L. Asteraceae Rizhome MeOH/flavonoid DPPH 17.7/13.3 μg/mL Libya [211]
Cyperus alternifolius Stend. Cyperaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 2/31 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Cypressus macrocarpa Cupressaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 3/49 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Datura arborea L. Solonaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 17/56 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Daucus carota L. Umbelliferae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 85/81% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Derris rubosta (Roxb. ex DC.) Benth. Fabaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH/ABTS 138/294 μg/mL Egypt [201]
Didonia viscose Jacq. Sapindaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 0/90 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Dracaena fragrans Ker Gawl. Moraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 15/33 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Dracaena marginata L. Agavaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 15/13 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Duranta repens L. Verbenaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 16/44 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Eichhornia azurea K Pontederiaceae Fruit EtOH/H2O DPPH 54/50% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Elaeagnus macrophylla Thunb. Elaeagnaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 45/8 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Emblica officinalis Gaetn. Euphorbiaceae Fruit MeOH DPPH 63 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Erica arborea L. Ericaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH/ABTS 5.7/6.8 μg/mL Algeria [199]
Erica multiflora L. Ericaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH/ABTS 10.2/9.0 μg/mL Algeria [199]
Eucalyptus globules Labill. Myrtaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH/H2O2 -- Algeria [212]
Eucalyptus rostrata Cav. Myrtaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 9/90 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Eugenia uniflora L. Myrtaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 13/16 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Euonymus japonicus Thunb. Celastraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 3/66 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Euphorbia paralias L. Euphorbiaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 81/51% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Euphorbia serrata L. Euphorbiaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 40 μg/mL Libya [213]
Euphorbia splendens Bojer ex Hook. Euphorbiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 5.5/31 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Ferula assafoetida L. Apiaceae Gum MeOH DPPH >100 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Ficus alii L. Moraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 1/3 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Ficus benjamina L. Moraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 2/3 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Ficus carica L. Moracea Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 84/80% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Ficus carica L. Moraceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 113.30 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Ficus elastica Roxb. Moraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 11.5/41 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Ficus enfictoria L. Moraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 3.5/31 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Ficus hawaii L. Moraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 3/25 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Ficus natalensis Hochst. Moraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 5/16 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Ficus nitida Miq. Moraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 5/25 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Ficus religiosa L. Moraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 3/24 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Ficus vasta Forss K. Moraceae Leaf MeOH RSA/Iron chelating 88/03% Sudan [208]
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Apiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 46/16 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Fraxinus latifolia Benth. Oleaceae Leaf EtOH OH 79.76 μg/mL Algeria [214]
Gazania splendens Hort. Angl Compositae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 0/89 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Geigeria alata Benth & Hook. F. Asteraceae - EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Globularia alypum L. Globulariaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 39.30 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Globularia alypum L. Globulariaceae Leaf MeOH/H2O/EtOAc DPPH 33.32/36.12/38.29 μg/mL Algeria [215]
Globularia Arabica Jaub & Spach. Globulariaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 7.65 μg/mL Algeria [198]
Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Galegeae Seed EtOH/H2O DPPH 47/84% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Grass L. Poaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 5/30 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Guiera senegalensis Lam. Combretaceae Leaf MeOH RSA/Iron chelating 90/05% Sudan [208]
Hammada scoparia (Pomel) IIjin. Chenopodiaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 8 μg/mL Libya [211]
Helianthemum lippii Mill. Cistaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH/OH 58.98/324.84 μg/mL Algeria [216]
Helianthemum lippii Mill. Cistaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 45.2 μg/mL Algeria [198]
Helianthus annuus L. Asteraceae Seed Oil DPPH 52% Sudan [200]
Helychrysum stoechas L. Asteraceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH 46.30 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Herniaria glabra Mill. Caropllaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH 332.5 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Hibiscus mutabilic L. Malvaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 0/40 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Malvaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 5.62 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Malvaceae Calyces MeOH DPPH 33.24 μM Sudan [189]
Hydnora abyssinica A. Braun. Hydnoraceae Leaf EtOH SORSA 59% at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Hydnora abyssinica A. Braun. Hydnoraceae Rhizome MeOH RSA/Iron chelating 77/02% Sudan [208]
Hydrangea red L. Saxifragaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 4/29 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Hyoscyamus albus L. Rhamnacea Leaf MeOH DPPH 60 μg/mL Libya [213]
Hyphaene thebaica Mark. Arecacea Not stated EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Inula viscosa L. Asteraceae Leaf Oil DPPH, ABTS/H2O2 - Algeria [217]
Jacarandas acutifolia L. Bignoniaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 18/55 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Jasminum grandiflorum L. Oleaceae Flower H2O DPPH/ABTS 14.35/10.2% Morocco [206]
Jasminum grandiflorum L. Oleaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 39/52 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Jasminum primulinum ex Baker. Oleaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 6/30 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Jatropha curcas L. Euphorbiaceae Root/Leaf EtOH DPPH 0.048/0.063 Egypt [218]
Jatropha integerrima Jacq. Euphorbiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 13/10 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Jatropha multifidal L. Euphorbiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 47/17 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Khaya senegalensis A. Juss. Meliaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 13/86 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Khaya senegalensis A. Juss. Meliaceae Leaf EtOH SORSA 71% at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Kigelia pinnata DC. Bignoniaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 3/0 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Kochia indica Wight. Chenopodiaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 50/72% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Lagerstroemia indica L. Lythraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 28/89 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Lantana camara L. Verbenaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 12/32 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Lantana montevidensis Briq. Verbenaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 11/30 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Laurus nobilis L. Lauraceae Leaf H2O DPPH/ABTS 18.93/18.61% Morocco [206]
Laurus nobilis L. Lauraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 49/89 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Laurus nobilis L. Lauraceae Leaf Oil DPPH, ABTS/H2O2 - Algeria [217]
Lavandula angustifolia Mill. Lamiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 2.6/36 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Lepidium sativum Brassicaceae Seed MeOH DPPH 33.61 μM Sudan [189]
Leucophyllum frutescens Scrophulariaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 16.4/31 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. Oleaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 9/11 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Limoniastrum monopetalum Boiss. Plumaginaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 85/82% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Lonicera japonica Thunb. Caprifoliaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 5/16 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Lotas polyphyllus E.D. Clarke Leguminosae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 27/27% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Luffa aegyptiaca Mill. Curcubitaceae Leaf Cold H2O/hot H2O/MeOH DPPH 1.19/17.9/0.75 mg/mL Egypt [202]
Majorana hortensis Moench. Lamiaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH/TBA 69.73/63.6 at 100 μg/mL Egypt [190]
Marrubium vulgare L. Lamiaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.43 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Marrubium vulgare L. Lamiaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH 84.20 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Matricaria chamomilla L. Compositae Leaf H2O DPPH 2.15 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Matricaria chmomilla L. Asteraceae Flower MeOH DPPH 91.69% at 50 μg/mL Sudan [188]
Matricaria recutita L. Asteraceae Flower H2O DPPH/ABTS 0.67/5.97% Morocco [206]
Melia azedarach L. Meliaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 2/32 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Melilotus officinalis Pall. Fabaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH >100 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Mentha pulegium L. Lamiaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH/ABTS 42.7/30.2 Algeria [219]
Mentha pulegium L. Lamiaceae Leaf EtOAc DPPH 1.7 μg/mL Algeria [220]
Mentha rotundifolia Sole. Lamiaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH/ABTS 71.3/40.4 μg/mL Algeria [219]
Mentha spicata Crantz. Lamiaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH/ABTS 16. 2/10.3 μg/mL Algeria [219]
Moricandia nitens L. Cruciferae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 89/85% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn. Moringaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 15/30 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Morus alba L. Moraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 14/40 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Myoporum pictum Banks & Sol. Ex G. Forst. Myoporaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 42.7/26 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Myrtus communis Blanco. Myrtaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 19.04 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Myrtus Communis Blanco. Myrtaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 26.6/90 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Myrtus communis L. Myrtaceae Aerial parts Oil DPPH 6018 μg/mL Algeria [221]
Narcissus tazetta L. Oleaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 22/40 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Nephrlepis bostoniensis L. Polypodiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 16/43 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Nerium oleander L. Apocyanaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 3.15 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Nerium oleander L. Apocynaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 19/31 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Nerium oleander L. Apocynaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 64.5 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Nicotiana glauca L. Solanaceae Leaf EtOH/MeOH/H2O DPPH 54/13/30 μg/mL Sudan [193]
Nigella sativa L. Ranunculaceae Not stated EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Nigella sativa L. Ranunculaceae Seed EtOH DPPH 60% Sudan [222]
Nigella sativa L. Ranunculaceae Seed MeOH DPPH >100 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Nigella sativa L. Ranunculaceae Seed Oil DPPH 85% Sudan [200]
Ocimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae Bark EtOH SORSA 66% at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Ocimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae Seed EtOH/H2O DPPH 72/9.8% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Ocimum basillcum L. Lamiaceae Leaf Cold H2O/hot H2O/MeOH DPPH 0.21/53.0/0.19 mg/mL Egypt [202]
Olea europaea (Wall. Ex G. Don) Cif. Oleaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 50/81% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Olen europaea (Wall. Ex G. Don) Cif. Oleaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 8.08 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Origanum glandulosum Salzm. Lamiaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH 12.80 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Origanum majorana L. Lamiaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.859 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Origanum syriacum L. Lamiaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH/TBA 55.7/25.39 Egypt [190]
Panax quinquefolius L. Araliaceae Seed EtOH/H2O DPPH 11/56% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Parkinsonia aculeata L. Loganiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 17/9 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Peganum harmala L. Zygophyllaceae Not stated EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Peganum harmala L. Zygophyllaceae Seed MeOH DPPH >100 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Peganum harmala L. Zygophyllaceae Seed MeOH H2O2 3.33 mg/mL Algeria [223]
Peganum harmala L. Zygophyllaceae Seed MeOH/H2O DPPH 0.194/1.345 mg/mL Algeria [224]
Pelargonium oderatissimum L. Geraniaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 9/89 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Pelargonium zonale L Her. Geraniaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 12/32 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Phagnalon rupestre Dc. Compositae Leaf H2O DPPH 3.88 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Phalangium variegate L. Liliaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 3/17 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Phoenix dactylifera L. Palmaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 83/77% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Pinus halipensis Miller. Pinaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 115.50 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Piper nigrum Wall. Piperaceae Seed MeOH DPPH >100 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Pistacia atlantica Desf. Anacardiaceae Gall Oil DPPH/ABTS/FRAP 417.61/495.6/0.115 μg/mL Algeria [225]
Pistacia lentiscus L. Anacardiaceae Leaf EtOAc DPPH/OH 6.8/8.2 μg/mL. Algeria [226]
Pistacia lentiscus L. Anacardiaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 4.30 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Pithecellobium dulce Benth. Fabaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 11/23 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Pittosporum tobira (Thunb.) W.T. Alton. Pittosporaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 11/9 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Pituranthos tortousus (Coss.) Maire. Apiaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.46 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Pituranthos tortusous (Coss.) Maire. Umbelliferae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 58/81% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Plantago major Elliot. Plantaginaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH 48.00 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Plumeria alba L. Apocynaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 28/15 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Poinciana regia Bojer. Caesalpiniaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 15/15 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Polianthes tuberose L. Agavaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 8/12 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Populus tremula L. Salicaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 88.70 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Psidium guajava L. Myrtaceae Leaf EtOH/H2O DPPH 97/88% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Punica granatum L. Punicaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 9/96 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Punica granatum L. Punicaceaea Fruit EtOH/H2O DPPH 85/75% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Quercus Coccifera L. Fagaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 18.65 μg/mL Algeria [198]
Quercus robur L. Fagaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 20.63 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Raphanus raphanistrum L. Cruciferae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.47 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Retama raetam Webb & Berthel. Leguminosae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 80/78% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Retama raetem Webb & Berthel. Fabaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 40 μg/mL Libya Alghazeer et al., 2012
Rhamnus alaternus L. Rhamnaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 54.16 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Rhamnus alaternus L. Rhamnaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 40.7 μg/mL Algeria [198]
Rheum palmaum Polygonaceae Stem MeOH DPPH 14.2 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 90.57% at 50 μg/mL Sudan [188]
Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae Seed Oil DPPH 51% Sudan [200]
Rosa banksiae R. Br. Rosaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 25/42 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Rosmarinus officinalis L. Lamiaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH + Algeria [227]
Rosmarinus officinalis L. Lamiaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.51 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Rosmarinus officinalis L. Lamiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 28.6/31 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Rosmarinus officinalis L. Lamiaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH/TBA 69.73/70.6 at 100 μg/mL Egypt [190]
Rosmarinus officinalis L. Lamiaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 38/65% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Rosmarinus officinalis L. Lamiaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH 19.4 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Rubus idaeus Thunb. Rosaceae Leaf EtOAc DPPH 4.80 μg/mL Algeria [228]
Ruscus hyphoglossum L. Liliaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 0/42 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Russelia juncea Zucc. Scrophulariaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 17/30 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Ruta graveolens L. Rutaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.60 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Ruta graveolens L. Rutaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 61 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Salix alba Thunb. Salicaceae Cortex MeOH DPPH 15.50 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Salvia officinalis L. Lamiaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.81 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Salvia officinalis L. Lamiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 45/49 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Salvia officinalis L. Lamiaceae Leaf Oil DPPH, ABTS/H2O2 - Algeria [217]
Salvia triloba L. Lamiaceae Aerial Parts MeOH DPPH 20.7 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Sanseviera guineenses Thunb. Liliaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 23.5/18 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Santolina chamaecyparissus L. Asteraceae Leaf H2O/MeOH β-CLAM 64%/61% at 50 μg/mL Algeria [229]
Santolina chamaecyparissus L. Asteraceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 11/46 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Satureja thymbra L. Lamiaceae Leaf Oil DPPH 0.0967 mg/mL Libya [230]
Schefflera actinophylla Harms. Araliaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 3/94 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Schefflera arboricola Hayata. Araliaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 2/0 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Schinus terebentifolius Raddi. Anacardiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 15/12 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Sciadophyllum pulchrima L. Araliaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 1.5/18 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Sesamum indicum L. Pedaliaceae Seed Oil DPPH 34% Sudan [200]
Sesbania aegyptiaca Pers. Fabaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 17/43 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Solanum lycopersicum L. Solanaceae Bark EtOH/H2O DPPH 82/82% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Solanum nigrum L. Solanaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 85/55% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Solanum rantonnetii Carriere. Solanaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH/ABTS 162/239 μg/mL Egypt [201]
Solenostemma argel Hayne. Apocyanaceae Leaf Cold H2O/hot H2O/MeOH DPPH 0.61/33.3/0.43 mg/mL Egypt [202]
Sonchus oleraceus L. Asteraceae Leaf EtOH SORSA 56 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Spathodea tilotica P.Beauv. Bignoniaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 19/85 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Sterculia diversifolia L. Sterculiaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 14/88 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Strelitzia reginae Banks. Streliziaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 32/45 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Striga hermonthica Delile. Orobanchaceae Whole plant MeOH RSA/Iron chelating 29/23% Sudan [208]
Sysimbrium officinalis (L.) Scop. Brassicaceae Flower MeOH DPPH 145.0 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Syzgium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry. Myrtaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 20.49 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry. Myrtaceae Pud MeOH DPPH 15.9 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Tabernaemontana divaricata G. Don. Apocynaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 40/44 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Tecoma capensis Lindl. Bignoniaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 0/55 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Tecomaria capensis Thunb. Bignoniaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 9/90 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Tephrosia apollinea Klotzsch. Papilionaceae - EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Tephrosia apollinea Klotzsch. Leguminosae Aerial parts n-C6H12/EtOH/MeOH/H2O DPPH >1000/120/48/2835 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Terminalia arjuna Roxb.ex DC. Combretaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 27/42 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Terminalia arjuna Roxb.ex DC. Combretaceae Fruit MeOH DPPH 3.1 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Terminalia chebula Retz. Combretaceae Fruit MeOH DPPH 2.2 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Teucrium polium Decne. ex C. Presl. Lamiaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH 30.20 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Teucrium polium Decne. ex C. Presl. Lamiaceae Aerial parts MeOH DPPH 96.4 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Teucrium polium Decne.ex C. Presl. Lamiaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.22 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Thapsia garganica L. Apiaceae Root/Leaf/Flower MeOH DPPH 9.98/10.08/19.32 mg/100 mL Algeria Yasmine et al., 2012
Thapsia garganica L. Apiaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 50 μg/mL Libya Alghazeer et al., 2012
Thapsia garganica L. Apiaceae Leaf MeOH/EtOH DPPH 91.92% 79.60% Algeria. [231]
Thevetia narifolia L. Apocynaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 26/29 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Thuja orientalis L. Cupressaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 0/71 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Thymelaea hirsute Mill. Thymelaeaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 76/35% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Thymelaea microphylla Coss & Durieu. Thymelaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH 77.86% Algeria [224]
Thymus vulgaris M. Bieb. Lamiaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.949 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Thymus vulgaris M. Bieb. Lamiaceae Leaf EtOH DPPH/TBA 96.85/70.8 at 100 μg/mL Egypt [190]
Tinospora bakis Miers. Menispermaceae Leaf EtOH SORSA 54% at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Tradescantea spp Commelinaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 44/0 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Tradescantea zebrine (Schinz) D.R. Hunt. Commelinaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 1/16 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Trigonella foenum-graecum Suter. Fabaceae Seed H2O DPPH/ABTS 9.23/13.27% Morocco [206]
Trigonella foenum-graecum Suter. Fabaceae Seed MeOH DPPH 90.94% at 50 μg/mL Sudan [188]
Trigonella foenum-graecum Suter. Fabaceae Seed MeOH DPPH 37.32 μML Sudan [189]
Ulmus campestris L. Ulmaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 61.50 μg/mL Algeria [193]
Urgininea maritima (L.) Stearn. Liliaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.72 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Urtica urens L. Urticaceae Leaf H2O DPPH 0.36 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Vernonia amygdalina Delile. Asteraceae - EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Vinca rossea (L.) G. Don. Apocynaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 9/48 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Vitex trifolia L. Verbenaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 22/89 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Vitis vinifera L. Vitaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 90/85% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Xanthium brasilicum Vell. Asteraceae - EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Ximenia Americana L. Olacaceae - EtOH SORSA <50 at 1 μg/mL Sudan [45]
Yucca desmetiana Baker. Agavaceae Leaf CHCl3/MeOH DPPH 3/6 at 50 μg/mL Egypt [42]
Zingiber officinale Roscoe. Zingiberceae Leaf H2O DPPH 1.08 mmol TEAC/g Libya [194]
Zingiber officinale Roscoe. Zingiberaceae Rhizome MeOH DPPH >100 μg/mL Egypt [192]
Ziziphus spina-christi Georgi. Rhamnaceae Leaf MeOH DPPH 91.13% at 50 μg/mL Sudan [188]
Zygophulum simplex L. Zygophyllaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 85/44% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Zygophyllum album L. Zygophyllaceae Aerial parts Oil DPPH 615 μg/mL Algeria [221]
Zygophyllum album L. Zygophyllaceae Whole plant EtOH/H2O DPPH 80/64% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [41]
Zygophyllum coccineum L Zygophyllaceae Leaf n-C6H12 DPPH 10.80 ± 0.3% Egypt [232]
  1. Key: RSA: Radical scavenging activity; RC: Reducing power capacity; OH: Hydroxyl ion; NO: Nitric oxide radical inhibition; H2O2: Hydrogen peroxide inhibition activity; LPO: Lipid peroxidation inhibition activity; ABTS+: 2,2′-azinobis-3–ethylbenzothiozolin-6–sulfonic acid cation decolourization test; ß-CLAMS: ß-Carotene-linoleic acid model system; SORSA: Superoxide anion radical scavenging activity (SORSA);MLP: Microsomal lipid peroxydation; FRAP: Fe2+ chelating ability and ferric reducing antioxidant properties; DPPH: 1,1–dipheyl-2–picry-hydrazyl; ORAC: Oxygen radical absorbance capacity; TEAC: Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity;MeOH: Methanol; CH2Cl2: Dichloromethane; EtOH: Ethanol; EtOAc: Ethyl acetate; n-C6H12: Hexane; (CH3) 2CO: Acetone; H2O: Aqueous; BtOH: Butanol