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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

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Table 6 Isolated Compounds from African medicinal plants with antioxidants potential

From: African natural products with potential antioxidants and hepatoprotectives properties: a review

Compounds Plant species Part used Family Solvent Used Assay Method Activity/IC50 Country of origin Reference
Stigmasterol (1) Dorstenia barteri L. Whole plant Moraceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH 62.18 μg/mL Cameroon [31]
Isobavachalcone (2) Dorstenia barteri L. Whole plant Moraceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH 84.33 μg/mL Cameroon [31]
6–Prenylapigenin (3) Dorstenia kameruniana Engl. Leaf Moraceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH 86.43 μg/mL Cameroon [31]
Dorsmanin F (4) Dorstenia mannii Hook.f. Leaf Moraceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH 53.89 μg/mL Cameroon [31]
Quercitrin (5) Mallotus oppositifolium (Geiseler) Mull. Arg. Leaf Moraceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH 28.16 μg/mL Cameroon [31]
6,8–Diprenyleridictyol (6) Dorstenia mannii Hook.f. Leaf Moraceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH 32.12 μg/mL Cameroon [31]
Bartericin A (7) Dorstenia barteri L. Whole plant Moraceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH 47.85 μg/mL Cameroon [31]
Isoquercetrin (8) Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Leaf Melianthaceae MeOH DPPH 23.7 μM Ethiopia [58]
Hyperoside (9) Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Leaf Melianthaceae MeOH DPPH 22.6 μM Ethiopia [58]
Quercetin-3–O -Arabinopyranoside (10) Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Leaf Melianthaceae MeOH DPPH 20.7 μM Ethiopia [58]
Kaempferol-3–O-Arabinopyranoside (11) Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Leaf Melianthaceae MeOH DPPH >50 μM Ethiopia [58]
Mangiferin (12) Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Leaf Melianthaceae MeOH DPPH 15.9 μM Ethiopia [58]
Rutin (13) Cheilanthes farinose Sw. Aerial parts Pteridaceae MeOH DPPH 9.5 μM Ethiopia [58]
Rutin (13) Cineraria abyssinica Sch. Bip. Ex A. Leaf Asteraceae MeOH DPPH 3.53 μg/ml Ethiopia [57]
Quercetin-3–O-Diglucosylrhamnoside (14) Cheilanthes farinose Sw. Aerial parts Pteridaceae MeOH DPPH 15.1 μM Ethiopia [58]
Kaempferol-3–O-Diglucosylrhamnoside (15) Cheilanthes farinose Sw. Aerial parts Pteridaceae MeOH DPPH >58.1 μM Ethiopia [58]
Kaempferol-3–O-Glucorhamnoside (16) Cheilanthes farinose Sw. Aerial parts Pteridaceae MeOH DPPH >78.0 μM Ethiopia [58]
Caffeic Acid (17) Cheilanthes farinose Sw. Aerial parts Pteridaceae MeOH DPPH 23.3 μM Ethiopia [58]
Chlorogenic acid (18) Cheilanthes farinose Sw. Aerial parts Pteridaceae MeOH DPPH 22.6 μM Ethiopia [58]
Quercetrin (19) Euclea racemosa L. Leaf Ebenaceae (CH3)2CO DPPH 26.8 μM Ethiopia [58]
Myricitrin (20) Euclea racemosa L. Leaf Ebenaceae (CH3)2CO DPPH 14.2 μM Ethiopia [58]
Myricetin-3–O-Arabinopyranoside (21) Euclea racemosa L. Leaf Ebenaceae (CH3)2CO DPPH 15.8 μM Ethiopia [58]
Quercetin (22) Euclea racemosa L. Leaf Ebenaceae (CH3)2CO DPPH 18.2 μM Ethiopia [58]
Aloin (23) Aloe harlana Reynolds. Latex Asphodelaceae MeOH DPPH 0.026 mM Ethiopia [279]
7‐O‐Methylaloeresin (24) Aloe harlana Reynolds. Latex Asphodelaceae MeOH DPPH 0.026 mM Ethiopia [279]
α-Amyrin (25) Echinops galalensis Schweinf. Aerial parts Asteraceae EtOH CCl4−induce cell damage on Huh7 Decreas AST, ALT, MDA level and increase SOD activities Egypt. [102]
β-Sitosterol (26) Echinops galalensis Schweinf. Aerial parts Asteraceae EtOH CCl4−induce cell damage on Huh7 Decreas AST, ALT, MDA level and increase SOD activities Egypt. [102]
β-Sitosterol (26) Tinospora bakis DC. Leaf Menispermaceae EtOH SORSA 33% at 1 mM Sudan [45]
β-Sitosterol (26) Piper umbellatum L. Branch Piperaceae   DPPH Less Potent Cameroon [294]
Erythrodiol (27) Echinops galalensis Schweinf. Aerial parts Asteraceae MeOH CCl4−induce cell damage on Huh7 Decreas AST, ALT, MDA level and increase SOD activities Egypt. [102]
Lup-20(29)-ene- 1,3–diol (28) Echinops galalensis Schweinf. Aerial parts Asteraceae MeOH CCl4−induce cell damage on Huh7 Decreas AST, ALT, MDA level and increase SOD activities Egypt. [102]
1,5–Dicaffeoylquinic acid (29) Echinops galalensis Schweinf. Aerial parts Asteraceae MeOH CCl4−induce cell damage on Huh7 Decreas AST, ALT, MDA level and increase SOD activities Egypt. [102]
3,5–Dicaffeoylquinic acid (30) Echinops galalensis Schweinf. Aerial parts Asteraceae MeOH CCl4−induce cell damage on Huh7 Decreas AST, ALT, MDA level and increase SOD activities Egypt. [102]
3,4–Dicaffeoylquinic acid (31) Echinops galalensis Schweinf. Aerial parts Asteraceae MeOH CCl4−induce cell damage on Huh7 Decreas AST, ALT, MDA level and increase SOD activities Egypt. [102]
4,5– Dicaffeoylquinic acid (32) Echinops galalensis Schweinf. Aerial parts Asteraceae MeOH CCl4−induce cell damage on Huh7 Decreas AST, ALT, MDA level and increase SOD activities Egypt. [102]
Apigenin-7–O-β-D-glucoside (33) Echinops galalensis Schweinf. Aerial parts Asteraceae MeOH CCl4−induce cell damage on Huh7 Decreas AST,ALT, MDA level and increase SOD activities Egypt. [102]
2, 3–Dihydro-2′-hydroxyosajin (34) Erythrina senegalensis L. Stem bark Fabaceae EtOH DPPH/β-CLAMS/FRAP 41.28/19.17/15.99 μg/mL Cameroon [295]
Osajin (35) Erythrina senegalensis L. Stem bark Fabaceae EtOH DPPH/β-CLAMS/FRAP 61.18/49.15/44.04 μg/mL Cameroo [295]
6, 8–Diprenylgenistein (36) Erythrina senegalensis L. Stem bark Fabaceae EtOH DPPH/β-CLAMS/FRAP 53.00/24.95/19.17 μg/mL Cameroon n [295]
2,3–Dihydroxypropyl elaidate (37) Solanum nigrum L. Leaf Solanaceae EtOH DPPH 80.5% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
Naphtho [2,1–B]furan-2(1H)-one, decahydro-3a,6,6,9a-tetramethyl (38) Solanum nigrum L. Leaf Solanaceae EtOH DPPH 65.6% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
5–Bromosalicylaldehyde (39) Solanum nigrum L. Leaf Solanaceae EtOH DPPH 50.5% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
12–Sulfanyldodecanoic acid (40) Solanum nigrum L. Leaf Solanaceae EtOH DPPH 65.3% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
Usnic acid monoacetate (41) Solanum nigrum L. Leaf Solanaceae EtOH DPPH 60% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
Trilinolein (42) Solanum nigrum L. Leaf Solanaceae EtOH DPPH 40.8% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
Niclofen (43) Solanum nigrum L. Leaf Solanaceae EtOH DPPH 45.6% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
8–Azabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2–carboxylic acid, 3–hydroxy-8–methyl,(2–endo, 3–exo) (44) Solanum nigrum L. Leaf Solanaceae EtOH DPPH 30.2% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
5,6–Dichloro-2–methyl-1H-benzimidazole (45) Cassia italic Mill. Leaf Fabaceae EtOH DPPH 48.7% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
trans-2–Methyl-4–N-Pentylthiane, (46) Cassia italic Mill. Leaf Fabaceae EtOH DPPH 34.8% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
Nifedipine (47) Cassia italic Mill. Leaf Fabaceae EtOH DPPH 78.4% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
Propionic acid (3,6,7,8–tetrahydro-3,7–methano-2,4,6–trimethyl-2H-Oxocin-7–yl) methyl ester (48) Cassia italic Mill. Leaf Fabaceae EtOH DPPH 68.4% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
Octadecyl bromoacetate (49) Cassia italic Mill. Leaf Fabaceae EtOH DPPH 56.7% at 100 μg/mL Egypt [44]
Lophirones B (50) Lophira alata Bank ex Gaertn. Stem bark Ochnaceae CHCl3 DPPH 84.4% at 1 mg/mL.Increase activities of SOD, CAT, GPx, and GR in the liver of rats Nigeria [40] and 2014b
Lophirones C (51) Lophira alata Bank ex Gaertn. Stem bark Ochnaceae CHCl3 DPPH 90.0% at 1 mg/mL. Increase activities of SOD, CAT, GPx, and GR in the liver of rats Nigeria [40] and 2014b
3–Friedelanone (52) Irvingia gabonensis (AubryLecomte ex O Rorke) Baill. Stem bark Irvingiaceae MeOH β-CLAMS/FRAP 49.05/38.28 μg/mL Cameroon [296]
Betulinic acid (53) Irvingia gabonensis (AubryLecomte ex O Rorke) Baill. Stem bark Irvingiaceae MeOH β-CLAMS/FRAP 31.95/27.52 μg/mL Cameroon [296]
Oleanolic acid (54) Irvingia gabonensis (AubryLecomte ex O Rorke) Baill. Stem bark Irvingiaceae MeOH DPPH/β-CLAMS/FRAP 8.55/6.53/11.76 μg/mL Cameroon [296]
3, 3′,4′-Tri-O-methyl ellagic acid (55) Irvingia gabonensis (AubryLecomte ex O Rorke) Baill. Stem bark Irvingiaceae MeOH DPPH/β-CLAMS/FRAP 14.20/15.18/12.47 μg/mL Cameroon [296]
Methyl gallate (56) Irvingia gabonensis (AubryLecomte ex O Rorke) Baill. Stem bark Irvingiaceae MeOH DPPH/β-CLAMS/FRAP 14.78/8.88/6.35 μg/mL Cameroon [296]
Hardwiickic acid (57) Irvingia gabonensis (AubryLecomte ex O Rorke) Baill. Stem bark Irvingiaceae MeOH DPPH/β-CLAMS/FRAP - Cameroon [296]
3–β-Acetoxyursolic acid (58) Irvingia gabonensis (AubryLecomte ex O Rorke) Baill. Stem bark Irvingiaceae MeOH DPPH/β-CLAMS/FRAP 8.84/7.66/12.47 μg/mL Cameroon [296]
Plumbagin (59) Diospyros bipindensis Gurke. Stem bark Ebenaceae CH2Cl2 DPPH/ABTS 3.5/2.7% at 40 μg/mL Cameroon [297]
Canaliculatin (60) Diospyros bipindensis Gurke Stem bark Ebenaceae CH2Cl2 DPPH/ABTS 4.7/4.3% at 40 μg/mL Cameroon [297]
Ismailin (61) Diospyros bipindensis Gurke Stem bark Ebenaceae CH2Cl2 DPPH/ABTS 4.7/4.0% at 40 μg/mL Cameroon [297]
Betulinic acid (62) Diospyros bipindensis Gurke Stem bark Ebenaceae CH2Cl2 DPPH/ABTS 6.4/6.5 at 40 μg/mL Cameroon [297]
4–Hydroxy-5–methylcoumarin (63) Diospyros bipindensis Gurke Stem bark Ebenaceae CH2Cl2 DPPH/ABTS 14.9/15.0% at μg/mL Cameroon [297]
Betulinic acid (62) Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) Steud. ex A. Rich. Stem bark Moraceae MeOH CCl4−induced hepatoma cells damage Prevented liver cell death and LDH leakage Cameroon [55]
3–Methoxyquercetin (64) Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) Steud. ex A. Rich. Stem bark Moraceae MeOH CCl4−induced hepatoma cells damage Prevented liver cell death and LDH leakage Cameroon [55]
Catechin (65) Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) Steud. ex A. Rich. Stem bark Moraceae MeOH CCl4−induced hepatoma cells damage Prevented liver cell death and LDH leakage Cameroon [55]
Epicatechin (66) Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) Steud. ex A. Rich. Stem bark Moraceae MeOH CCl4−induced hepatoma cells damage Prevented liver cell death and LDH leakage Cameroon [55]
Quercetin (67) Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) Steud. ex A. Rich. Stem bark Moraceae MeOH CCl4−induced hepatoma cells damage Prevented liver cell death and LDH leakage Cameroon [55]
Quercitrin (68) Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) Steud. ex A. Rich. Stem bark Moraceae MeOH CCl4−induced hepatoma cells damage Prevented liver cell death and LDH leakage Cameroon [55]
1,7–Dihydroxyxanthone (69) Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. Root bark Guttiferae MeOH DPPH 488.53 μg/mL Cameroon [266]
Morelloflavone (70) Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. Root bark Guttiferae MeOH DPPH 62.8 μg/mL Cameroon [266]
7′-O-Glucoside morelloflavone (71) Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. Root bark Guttiferae MeOH DPPH 49.08 μg/mL Cameroon [266]
Piperumbellactams A (72) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Less Potent Cameroon [294]
Piperumbellactams B (73) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Potent activity Cameroon [294]
Piperumbellactams C (74) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Potent activity Cameroon [294]
Piperumbellactams D (75) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Less Potent Cameroon [294]
Apigenin −8–C- β -D-glucopyranoside (76) Croton zambesicus Mull. Arg. Fruit Euphorbiaceace MeOH DPPH <80.5% at 1 mM Sudan [298]
ent-Kaurane −3 β, 16 β, 17–triol (77) Croton zambesicus Mull. Arg. Fruit Euphorbiaceace MeOH DPPH <80.5% at 1 mM Sudan [298]
Lupeol (20(29) lupene-3–ol, 3 β -form)-derivative (78) Croton zambesicus Mull. Arg. Fruit Euphorbiaceace MeOH DPPH <80.5% at 1 mM Sudan [298]
Lupenone lup −20(29) -ene-3 β –one(79) Diospyros mespiliform Hochst. ex A. DC. Fruit Euphorbiaceace MeOH DPPH <80.5% at 1 mM Sudan [298]
Betulin lup- 20(29)-ene-3 β, 28–diol (80) Croton zambesicus Mull. Arg. Fruit Euphorbiaceace MeOH DPPH <80.5% at 1 mM Sudan [298]
Betulinic acid 3β- hydroxylup-20(29)-en-28–oic acid-derivative (81) Croton zambesicus Mull. Arg. Fruit Euphorbiaceace MeOH DPPH <80.5% at 1 mM Sudan [298]
Betulinic acid 3β- hydroxylup-20(29)-en-28–oic acid (82) Croton zambesicus Mull. Arg. Fruit Euphorbiaceace MeOH DPPH <80.5% at 1 mM Sudan [298]
Lupeol (20(29) lupene-3–ol, 3 β -form) (83) Croton zambesicus Mull. Arg. Fruit Euphorbiaceace MeOH DPPH <80.5% at 1 mM Sudan [298]
Moracin T (84) Morus mesozygia Stapf. Bark Moraceae MeOH DPPH 4.12 μg/mL Cameroon [54]
Moracin U (85) Morus mesozygia Stapf. Bark Moraceae MeOH DPPH 5.06 μg/mL Cameroon [54]
Moracin S (86) Morus mesozygia Stapf. Bark Moraceae MeOH DPPH 6.08 μg/mL Cameroon [54]
Moracin R (87) Morus mesozygia Stapf. Bark Moraceae MeOH DPPH 7.17 μg/mL Cameroon [54]
5,7,3′-Trihydroxy-3,8,4′,5′-trimethoxyflavone (88) Microglossa pyrifolia DC. Leaf Asteraceae EtOAc DPPH 8.79 mg/mL Kenya [299]
5,7,4′-Trihydroxy-3,8,3′,5′-tetramethoxyflavone (89) Microglossa pyrifolia DC. Leaf Asteraceae EtOAc DPPH 6.45 mg/mL Kenya [299]
8–Acetoxyisochiliolide lactone (90) Microglossa pyrifolia DC. Leaf Asteraceae EtOAc DPPH 6.45 mg/mL Kenya [299]
Harunmadagascarins A (91) Harungana Madagascariensis Lam. Stem back Hypericaceae Not specified DPPH 60.97 μM Cameroon [300]
Harunmadagascarins B (92) Harungana Madagascariensis Lam. Stem back Hypericaceae Not specified DPPH 60.97 μM Cameroon [300]
Harunganol B (93) Harungana Madagascariensis Lam. Stem back Hypericaceae Not specified DPPH 64.76 μM Cameroon [300]
Harungin anthrone (94) Harungana Madagascariensis Lam. Stem back Hypericaceae Not specified DPPH 155.39 μM Cameroon [300]
Emodin (95) Psorospermum febrifugum Spach. Stem bark Clusiaceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH >70 GEAC; μg/mL Cameroon [272]
3–Geranyloxyemodin (96) Psorospermum febrifugum Spach. Stem bark Clusiaceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH <50 GEAC; μg/mL Cameroon [272]
2–Geranylemodin (97) Psorospermum febrifugum Spach. Stem bark Clusiaceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH <40 GEAC; μg/mL Cameroon [272]
Afzeliixanthones A (98) Garcinia afzelii Engl. Stem bark Clusiaceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH 17.7 μg/mL Cameroon [301]
Afzeliixanthones B (99) Garcinia afzelii Engl. Stem bark Clusiaceae EtOAc; MeOH DPPH 14.0 μg/mL Cameroon [301]
Bangangxanthone A (100) Garcinia polyantha Oliv. Leaf Guttiferae CHCl3 DPPH 87.0 μM Cameroon [302]
Bangangxanthone B (101) Garcinia polyantha Oliv. Leaf Guttiferae CHCl3 DPPH >87.0 μM Cameroon [302]
2–Hydroxy-1,7–dimethoxyxanthone (102) Garcinia polyantha Oliv. Leaf Guttiferae CHCl3 DPPH >87.0 μM Cameroon [302]
1,5–Dihydroxyxanthone (103) Garcinia polyantha Oliv. Leaf Guttiferae CHCl3 DPPH >87.0 μM Cameroon [302]
Rheediinoside A (104) Entada rheedii Spreng. Seed Mimosaceae - ABTS/DPPH Low activity Cameroon [303]
Rheediinoside B (105) Entada rheedii Spreng. Seed Mimosaceae - ABTS/DPPH Moderat e activity Cameroon [303]
Piperumbellactams D (106) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Less Potent Cameroon [294]
N-Hydroxyaristolam II (107) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Potent activity Cameroon [294]
4–Nerolidylcatechol (108) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Less Potent Cameroon [294]
N-Transferuloyltyramine (109) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Less Potent Cameroon [294]
E-3–(3,4–Dihydroxyphenyl)-N-2–[4–Hydroxyphenylethyl]-2–Propenamide (110) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Less Potent Cameroon [294]
β-Amyrin (111) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Less Potent Cameroon [294]
Friedelin (112) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Less Potent Cameroon [294]
Apigenin 8–C-Neohesperidoside (113) Piper umbellatum L. Whole plant Piperaceae - DPPH Less Potent Cameroon [294]
Acacetin 6–C- B-D-glucopyranoside (114) Piper umbellatum L. Branch Piperaceae - DPPH Less Potent Cameroon [294]
Alpinumisoflavone (115) Ficus chlamydocarpa Mildbr. & Burret. Stem bark Moraceae MeOH DPPH/β-CLAMS/FRAP 6/8.9/8.0 μg/mL Cameroon [99]
Genistein (4′,5,7– trihydroxyisoflavone) (116) Ficus chlamydocarpa Mildbr. & Burret. Stem bark Moraceae MeOH DPPH 5.7 μg/mL Cameroon [99]
Luteolin (3′,4′,5,7– tetrahydroxy Flavone) (117) Ficus chlamydocarpa Mildbr. & Burret. Stem bark Moraceae MeOH DPPH/β-CLAMS/FRAP 5.0/6.9/5.1 μg/mL Cameroon [99]
3,11,12,14,19–Pentahydroxy-5,8,11,13–abietatraen-7–pyran[4,6]-16–dione (118) Plectranthus punuctatus L. Leaf Lamiaceae MeOH DPPH 9.65 μg/mL Ethiopia [304]
Tetradecanoic acid, 2–hydroxyhexadecyl ester (119) Hydnora abyssinica A. Braun ex Schweinf. Leaf Hydnoraceae EtOH SORSA 37% at 1 mM Sudan [45]
Catechin (120) Hydnora abyssinica A. Braun ex Schweinf. Leaf Hydnoraceae EtOH SORSA 68.5% at 1 mM Sudan [45]
Tyrosol (121) Hydnora abyssinica A. Braun ex Schweinf. Leaf Hydnoraceae EtOH SORSA 26% at 1 mM Sudan [45]
Benzoic acid, 3, 4–dihydroxy-, ethyl ester (122) Hydnora abyssinica A. Braun ex Schweinf. Leaf Hydnoraceae EtOH SORSA 59% at 1 mM Sudan [45]
Columbin (123) Tinospora bakis (A.Rich.)Miers. Leaf Menispermaceae EtOH SORSA 20% at 1 mM Sudan [45]
Przewalskinone B (124) Tinospora bakis (A.Rich.)Miers. Leaf Menispermaceae EtOH SORSA 29% at 1 mM Sudan [45]
1–Tetracontanol (125) Tinospora baki (A.Rich.) Miers. Leaf Menispermaceae EtOH SORSA 26% at 1 mM Sudan [45]
Di-P,octyl phenoxy 1,5 naphthalene dicarboxylase ester (126) Cassia italic Mill. Leaf Fabaceae EtOH DPPH 30.2% at 100 μg/mL Egypt. [44]
Propionic acid (3,6,7,8–tetrahydro-3,7–methano-2,4,6–trimethyl-2 h-oxocin-7–yl) methyl ester (127) Cassia italic Mill. Leaf Fabaceae EtOH DPPH 68.4% at 100 μg/mL Egypt. [44]
Octadecyl bromoacetate (128) Cassia italic Mill. Leaf Fabaceae EtOH DPPH 56.7% at 100 μg/mL Egypt. [44]
11–O-Phydroxybenzoylnorbergenin (129) Diospyros sanza-minika A. Chev. Stem bark Ebenaceae - DPPH - Cameroon [305]
4–O-(30–Methylgalloyl) Norbergenin (130) Diospyros sanza-minika A. Chev. Stem bark Ebenaceae - DPPH - Cameroon [305]
4–O-Syringoylnorbergenin; Norbergenin (131) Diospyros sanza-minika A. Chev. Stem bark Ebenaceae - DPPH - Cameroon [305]
4–O-Galloylnorbergenin (132) Diospyros sanza-minika A. Chev Stem bark Ebenaceae - DPPH   Cameroon [305]
Quercitol (133) Diospyros sanza-minika A. Chev Stem bark Ebenaceae - DPPH   Cameroon [305]
  1. Key: RSA radical scavenging activity, RC reducing power capacity, OH hydroxyl ion, NO nitric oxide radical inhibition, H 2 O 2 hydrogen peroxide inhibition activity, LPO lipid peroxidation inhibition activity, ABTS + 2,2′-azinobis-3–ethylbenzothiozolin-6–sulfonic acid cation decolourization test, ß-CLAMS ß-carotene-linoleic acid model system, MLP microsomal lipid peroxydation, FRAP fe2+ chelating ability and ferric reducing antioxidant properties, DPPH 1,1–dipheyl-2–picry-hydrazyl, ORAC oxygen radical absorbance capacity, TEAC trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, MeOH methanol, CH 2 Cl 2 dichloromethane, EtOH ethanol, EtOAc ethyl acetate, n-C 6 H 12, hexane, (CH 3)2 CO acetone, H 2 O aqueous, BtOH butanol