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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

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Table 7 Total phenol, total flavonoids and folic acid content of some African medicinal plants with Antioxidant potential

From: African natural products with potential antioxidants and hepatoprotectives properties: a review

Plants Family Part studied Solvents used Total Phenol contents Folic acid contents Total flavonoids contents Country of origine Reference
Adansonia digitata L. Bombacaceae Fruit - <14.08 g/100 g Zimbabwe [306]
Adasonia digitata L. Bombacaceae Leaf MeOH 170.9 mg/g 25.38 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Ajuga iva (L.) Schreb. Lamiaceae Aerial parts MeOH 3.96 mg/g   0.87 mg/g Algeria [193]
Albizia amara (Roxb,) Boiv. Fabaceae Leaf Stem EtOH 0.077 mg/100 g    Zimbabwe [307]
Allium sativum L. Alliaceae    12.42 mg/g   0.0021 g/g Nigeria [308]
Aloe barbadensis (L.). Burm. f. Aloaceae Leaf   0.232 g/100 g   3.246 g//100 g Nigeria [309]
Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell. Amaranthaceae Leaf MeOH 18.03 mg/g - 11.08 mg/g South Africa [48]
Amaranthus hybridus L. Amaranthaceae Leaf MeOH 39.32 mg/g    Nigeria [150]
Amaranthus viridis L. Amaranthaceae Leaf MeOH 49.3 mg/g    Nigeria [150]
Anacyclus clavatus (Desf.) Pers.   Aerial parts MeOH 71.09 mg/g   3.60 mg/g Algeria [193]
Anogeissus leiocarpus (DC.) Guill & Perr. Combretaceae Leaf MeOH 223.1 mg/g - 223.1 mg/g Mali [310]
Bauhinia rufescens Lam. Caesalpiniaceae Leaf MeOH 68.40 mg/g   - Nigeria [154]
Beilschmiedia mannii Nees. Lauraceae Seed   206.4 g/100 g    Ivory coast [165]
Blighia sapida K.D. Koenig. Sapindaceae Mushroom MeOH 91.8 mg/g   72.8 mg/g Nigeria [311]
Calycotome spinosa L. Fabaceae Leaf MeOH 143.55 mg/g   4.87 mg/g Algeria [193]
Cantharellus Cibarius Fr. Cantharellaceae Mushroom - - 5.07 ± 0.39   Nigeria [160]
Cassia abbreviate Oliv. C aesalpinioidaeae Bark/leaf/root MeOH 0.41/0.24/0.398 mg/mg - - Zimbabwe [51]
Celosia argentea L. Amaranthaceae Leaf MeOH 212.16 mg/g - 47.88 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Centaurea calcitrapa L. Asteraceae Aerial parts MeOH 57.50 mg/g - 3.28 mg/g Algeria [193]
Ceratotheca sesamoides Endl. Pedaliaceae Leaf MeOH 186.2 g/100 g    Ivory coast [165]
Chenopodium album L. Amaranthaceae Leaf MeOH 9.34 mg/g - 9.14 mg/g South Africa [48]
Cissus populnea Guill & Perr. Vitidaceae Root back   76.4 mg/g - 27.6 mg/g Mali [310]
Cleome gynandra L. Capparidaceae Leaf CH2Cl2 188.2 g/100 g   - Ivory coast [165]
Clitocybe odora (Fr.) P. Kumm. Tricholometaceae Mushroom Not stated - 4.79 g/100 g - Nigeria [160]
Cnestis ferruginea DC. Connaraceae Leaf H2O 125.58 mg/g - 27.95 mg/g Ivory coast [166]
Corchorus olitorius L. Malvaceae Leaf MeOH 330.07 mg/g - 157.38 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Crinum bulbispermum (Burm.f) Milne-Redhead & Schweick. Amaryllidaceae Root EtOAc 202.38 mg/g - 9.18 mg/g South Africa [234]
Cupressus sempervirens L. Cupressaceae Leaf MeOH 143.5 mg/g - 3.09 mg/g Algeria [193]
Dialium dinklagei Harms. Caesalpiniaceae Leaf H2O 185.59 mg/g - 6.78 mg/g Ivory coast [166]
Dichrostachys cinerea Wight et Arn. Mimosaceae Leaf/Root MeOH 0.28/0.10 mg/mg - - Zimbabwe [51]
Diospyros monbuttensis L. Ebenaceae Leaf H2O 136.54 mg/g - 62.18 mg/g Ivory coast [166]
Elaedendron malanorpum F. Muell. Celastraceae Root MeOH 0.357 mg/mg - - Zimbabwe [51]
Elephantorrhiza goetzei Leguminosae Root MeOH 0.339 mg/mg - - Zimbabwe [51]
Elionurus muticus (Spreng.) Kuntze. Poaceae Whole Plant   0.076 mg/100 g - - Zimbabwe [307]
Ethulia conyzoides Lf. Asteraceae Leaf MeOH 425 mg/100 g - - Nigeria [172]
Fadogia ancylantha Hiern. Rubiaceae Leaf MeOH <14.08 g/100 g - - Zimbabwe [306]
Ficus carica L. Moraceae Leaf MeOH 23.70 mg/g   3.75 mg/g Algeria [193]
Ficus asperifolia L. Moraceae Leaf H2O 69.20 mg/g -- 39.90 mg/g Nigeria [174]
Ficus dicranostyla E.J. & Ake Assi, L. Moraceae Leaf CH2Cl2 178.5 g/100 g -- Ivory coast [165]
Ficus sycamore L. Moraceae Leaf   14.08 g/100 g Zimbabwe [306]
Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr. Flacourticaceae Leaf/Root MeOH 0.431/0.21 mg/mg Zimbabwe [51]
Globularia alypum L. Plantaginaceae Leaf MeOH 25.38 mg/g 3.76 mg/g Algeria [193]
Gnetum africanum L. Gnetaceae Leaf MeOH 227.47 mg/g 91.75 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Gongronema latifolium (Endl.) Apocyanaceae Leaf MeOH 186.60 mg/g 51.87 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Gymnosporia senegalensis Lam. Celastraceae Leaf/Root/Twig MeOH 0.34/0.22/0.268 mg/mg -- Zimbabwe [51]
Helychrisum stoechas Mill. Asteraceae Aerial parts MeOH 15.43 mg/g 4.36 mg/g Algeria [193]
Hericium erinaceus (Bull.) Persoon. Hericiaceae Mushroom MeOH 5.51 g/100 g   Nigeria [160]
Herniaria glabra L. Caryophyllacea Aerial parts MeOH 34.48 mg/g   4.90 mg/g Algeria [193]
Heteropyxis natalensis L. Heteropyxidaceae Leaf Stem EtOH 0.096 mg/100 g Zimbabwe [307]
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Malvaceae Leaf MeOH 104.8 mg/g -- Nigeria [177]
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Malvaceae Leaf MeOH 388.46 mg/g - 87.00 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Hoslundia opposita Engl. Lamiaceae Leaf Stem EtOH 0.054 mg/100 g - - Zimbabwe [307]
Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch. Mey. & Ave-Lall. Hypoxidaceae Tuber MeOH 0.476 mg/mg - - Zimbabwe [51]
Justicia galeopsis T. Anderson ex C.B. Clarke Acanthaceae Leaf CH2Cl2 189.8 g/100 g - - Ivory coast [165]
Khaya anthotheca (Welw.) C. DC. Meliaceae Bark/Root MeOH 0.596/0.336 mg/mg - - Zimbabwe [51]
Kigelia africana DC. Bignoniaceae Bark/Fruit/Root MeOH 0.224/0.327/0.184 mg/mg - - Zimb [51]
Laccaria amethysta (Huds.) Cooke Hydnangiaceae Mushroom Not stated - 5.30 g/100 g - Nigeria [160]
Laccaria laccata (Scop.) Cooke Hydnangiaceae Mushroom Not stated - 4.87 g/100 g - Nigeria [160]
Lactarius deliciousus (L.ex Fr) S.F. Gray. Russulaceae Mushroom Not stated - 4.93 g/100 g - Nigeria [160]
Lactuca taraxicofolia (Wild.) Schum. Asteraceae Leaf MeOH 28.38 mg/g - - Nigeria [150]
Lannea schweinfurthii Engl. Anacardiaceae Root MeOH 10127 mg/g - 13.58 mg/g South Africa [234]
Laportea aestuans (L.) Chew Urticaceae Leaf Not stated 199.3 mg/100 g 52.0 mg/100 g 90.7 mg/100 g Nigeria [179]
Lepista nuda (Bull.)H.E. Bigelow & A.H. Sm. Tricholomataceae Mushroom Not stated - 5.02 g/100 g - Nigeria [160]
Lepista saeva (Fr.) Cooke. Tricholomataceae Mushroom Not stated - 5.17 g/100 g - Nigeria [160]
Lippia javanica L. Verbenaceae Leaf Not stated <14.08 g/100 g - - Zimbabwe [306]
Lippia javanica L. Verbenaceae Leaf Stem Not stated 0.064 mg/100 g - - Zimbabwe [307]
Macrolepiot ataprocera (Scop.) Singer. Lepiotaceae Mushroom Not stated - 4.72 g/100 g - Nigeria [160]
Marrubium vulgare L. Lamiaceae Aerial parts MeOH 47.58 mg/g   2.01 mg/g Algeria [193]
Mitragyna inermis Korth. Rubiaceae Trunk bark   19.5 mg/g - 11.1 mg/g Mali [310]
Moringa oleifera Lam Moringaceae Leaf MeOH 366.66 mg/g   34.16 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Myrianthus arboreus P. Beauv. Cecropiaceae Leaf Not stated 263.9 g/100 g - - Ivory coast [165]
Myrothamnus flabellifolius Welw. Myrothamnaceae Leaf CH2Cl2 <14.08 g/100 g - -- Zimbabwe [306]
Newbouldia laevis (P.Beauv.Seem. ex Bureau. Bignoniaceae Leaf H2O 91.49 mg/g - 22.42 mg/g Ivory coast [166]
Ocimum urticifolia (N.E.Br) A.J. Paton. Lamiaceae Leaf Stem   0.024 mg/100 g - - Zimbabwe [307]
Origanum glandulosum Desf.   Aerial parts MeOH 96.36 mg/g - 7.56 mg/g Algeria [193]
Pinus halipensis Pinaceae Leaf MeOH 108.66 mg/g - 2.80 mg/g Algeria [193]
Piper capense L.f. var. Capense. Piperaceae Root MeOH 237.60 mg/g - 18.14 mg/g South Africa [234]
Piper guineense Sw. Piperaceae Leaf MeOH 319.17 mg/g - 85.41 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Pistacia lentiscus L.   Leaf MeOH 205.22 mg/g - 8.21 mg/g Algeria [193]
Plantago major L. Plantaginaceae Aerial parts MeOH 106.70 mg/g - 1.54 mg/g Algeria [193]
Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. ex Fr.) P.Kumm. Pleurotaceae Mushroom Not stated - 4.75 g/100 g   Nigeria [160]
Populus trimula L. Salicaceae Leaf MeOH 116.60 mg/g - 3.98 mg/g Algeria [193]
Psalliota campestris L. Agaricaceae Mushroom   6.012 mg/g - 0.031 g/g Nigeria [308]
Psorospermum febrifugum Spach Hypericaceae Leaf MeOH 29.18 mg/100 g -   Ivory coast [165]
Pterocarpus midbraedii Jacq. Fabaceae Leaf MeOH 499.78 mg/g - 127.88 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Rhamnus alaternus L. Rhamnaceae Leaf MeOH 107.95 - 26.84 mg/g Algeria [193]
Rhus chirindensis Baker f. Anacardiaceae Leaf/Root MeOH 0.323/0.258 mg/mg -   Zimbabwe [51]
Rhynchosia buettneri Fabaceae Leaf MeOH 224.5 g/100 g -   Ivory coast [165]
Salix alba L.   Cortex MeOH 259.65 mg/g -- 1.13 mg/g Algeria [193]
Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich.) Hochst. Celastraceae Bark MeOH 0.439 mg/mg -   Zimbabwe [51]
Securidaca longepedunculata Engl. Polygalaceae Root MeOH 0.406 mg/mg - - Zimbabwe [51]
Sesamum radiatum Sendtn. pedaliaceae Leaf MeOH 273.32 mg/g -- 48.50 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Sesamum radiatum Sendtn. Pedaluiaceae Leaf MeOH 273.32 mg/g - 48.50 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Solanium aethiopium L. Solanaceae Leaf MeOH 40.60 mg/g - - Nigeria [150]
Solanum macrocarpum L. Solanaceae Leaf MeOH 183.1 g/100 g - - Ivory coast [165]
Solanum melongena L. Solanaceae Leaf MeOH 178.74 mg/g - 85.33 mg/g Nigeria [175]
Solanum nigrum L. Solanaceae Leaf MeOH 30.00 mg/g - 13.30 mg/g South Africa [48]
Sysimbrium officinalis (L.) Scop. BrassicaceaE Flower MeOH 48.87 mg/g - 4.86 mg/g Algeria [193]
Telfaria occidentalis Hook. f Cucurbitaceae Leaf MeOH 49.32 mg/g - - Nigeria Adetutu et al., 2015
Terminalia macroptera Guill. & Perr. Combretaceae Trunk bark   48.5 mg/g - 14.2 mg/g Mali [310]
Terminalia sericea Burch. ex DC. Combretaceae Root MeOH 36.73 mg/g - 73.05 mg/g South Africa [234]
Terminalia sericea Burch. ex DC. Combretaceae leaf/Root MeOH 0.208/0.228 mg/mg - - Zimbabwe [51]
Teucrium polium L. Lamiaceae Aerial parts MeOH 134.00 mg/g - 3.44 mg/g Algeria [193]
Trema orientalis (L.) Blume. Cannabaceae Leaf H2O 240.73 mg/g - 59.59 mg/g Ivory coast [166]
Trichaptum biforme Polyporaceae Mushroom - 4.41 mg/g - 0.0174 g/g Nigeria [308]
Tricholoma nudum (L.) P. Kumm. Tricholometaceae Mushroom - 64.122 mg/g - 0.0164 g/g Nigeria [308]
Ulmus campestris Mill. Urticaceae Leaf MeOH 24.21 mg/g - 3.60 mg/g Algeria [193]
Urtica lobulata E. Mey. Ex Bl. Urticaceae Leaf MeOH 20.25 mg/g - 11.01 mg/g South Africa [48]
Vepris heterophylla (Engl.) Letouzey. Rutaceae Leaf   51.5 mg/g - 9.3 mg/g Mali [310]
Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaetn. Sapotacee Mushroom MeOH 55.6 mg/g - 64.8 mg/g Nigeria [311]
Vitex doniana L. Verbernaceae Mushroom MeOH 96.4 mg/g - 20.8 ± 0.05 mg/g Nigeria [311]
Warburgia salutaris (Bertol.f) Chiov. Canellaceae Leaf/Stem EtOH 0.065 mg/100 g - - Zimbabwe [307]
Warburgia salutaris (Bertol.f) Chiov. Canellaceae Bark/Leaf/Root/Twig MeOH 0.208/0.228/0.296/0.278 mg/mg - - Zimbabwe [51]
Zanthoxylum davyi (I. Verd.) Waterm. Rutaceae Root MeOH 97.26 mg/g - 8.66 mg/g South Africa [234]
Zingiber officianale Roscoe. Zingiberaceae Leaf MeOH 64.42 mg/g - 0.045 g/g Nigeria [308]
Ziziphus mucronata Wild. Rhamnaceae Root MeOH 73.86 mg/g - 17.76 mg/g South Africa [234]
Zizyphus mucronata Wild. Rhamnaceae Leaf - 52.2 mg/g - 14.4 mg/g Mali [310]
  1. Key: MeOH methanol, CH 2 Cl 2 dichloromethane, EtOH ethanol, EtOAc ethyl acetate, n-C 6 H 12 hexane, (CH 3)2 CO acetone, H 2 O aqueous, BtOH butanol