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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 3 Antimicrobial activities of the three different solvent extracts of ex vitro Bacopa monnieri plants

From: Improved micropropagation of Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. (Plantaginaceae) and antimicrobial activity of in vitro and ex vitro raised plants against multidrug-resistant clinical isolates of urinary tract infecting (UTI) and respiratory tract infecting (RTI) bacteria

Solvent Extract conc. (mg/cup) Zone of Inhibition (mm)
MDR-UTI bacteria MDR-RTI bacteria MTCC bacteria MTCC fungus
Sample 5 Sample 9 Sample 11 Sample 19 Sample 26 Sample 31 Sample 35 Sample 36 Sample 38 MTCC 109 MTCC 441 MTCC 3160 MTCC 870 MTCC 1637
Acetone 0.75 12 ± 0.11 R 12 ± 0.22 9 ± 0.28 8 ± 0.08
1.5 11 ± 0.11 13 ± 0.26 R 14 ± 0.32 11 ± 0.58 10 ± 0.56 8 ± 0.36 8 ± 0.33 10 ± 0.38 12 ± 0.22
3.0 13 ± 0.24 15 ± 0.66 R 15 ± 0.36 9 ± 0.22 12 ± 0.11 11 ± 0.32 8 ± 0.11 12 ± 0.11 11 ± 0.32 12 ± 0.48 11 ± 0.28 14 ± 0.18
4.5 15 ± 0.36 16 ± 0.33 11 ± 0.11 R 16 ± 0.14 11 ± 0.11 12 ± 0.56 13 ± 0.88 9 ± 0.28 14 ± 0.26 13 ± 0.44 14 ± 0.55 12 ± 0.56 16 ± 0.38
6.0 15 ± 0.22 16 ± 0.48 13 ± 0.24 R 16 ± 0.18 11 ± 0.58 12 ± 0.22 13 ± 0.44 9 ± 0.22 14 ± 0.44 15 ± 0.48 14 ± 0.58 12 ± 0.88 19 ± 0.12
Ethanol 0.75 14 ± 0.18 R
1.5 16 ± 0.38 R 8 ± 0.28 9 ± 0.48 10 ± 0.26
3.0 17 ± 0.22 12 ± 0.32 R 9 ± 0.44 10 ± 0.22 10 ± 0.21 11 ± 0.32 8 ± 0.38 10 ± 0.22 10 ± 0.21 14 ± 0.46
4.5 11 ± 0.18 17 ± 0.18 14 ± 0.11 R 11 ± 0.22 11 ± 0.48 8 ± 0.32 11 ± 0.44 13 ± 0.22 10 ± 0.22 13 ± 0.33 11 ± 0.26 18 ± 0.55
6.0 13 ± 0.22 17 ± 0.66 14 ± 0.62 R 10 ± 0.11 11 ± 0.22 12 ± 0.56 10 ± 0.44 11 ± 0.22 15 ± 0.48 12 ± 0.22 16 ± 0.48 11 ± 0.18 21 ± 0.38
Methanol 0.75 11 ± 0.26 13 ± 0.78 R 8 ± 0.33 7 ± 0.56 10 ± 0.28 11 ± 0.48 10 ± 0.22 12 ± 0.18 12 ± 0.18
1.5 12 ± 0.88 16 ± 0.18 R 10 ± 0.24 9 ± 0.88 9 ± 0.88 12 ± 0.32 13 ± 0.66 12 ± 0.48 14 ± 0.11 16 ± 0.77
3.0 13 ± 0.48 18 ± 0.11 R 11 ± 0.18 11 ± 0.22 8 ± 0.11 11 ± 0.88 13 ± 0.12 13 ± 0.78 9 ± 0.48 14 ± 0.55 16 ± 0.22 18 ± 0.34
4.5 14 ± 0.54 18 ± 0.66 10 ± 0.24 R 12 ± 0.38 12 ± 0.38 8 ± 0.88 12 ± 0.48 13 ± 0.21 13 ± 0.48 10 ± 0.52 14 ± 0.33 16 ± 0.38 18 ± 0.72
6.0 14 ± 0.22 18 ± 0.68 13 ± 0.34 R 13 ± 0.62 13 ± 0.62 9 ± 0.32 12 ± 0.48 14 ± 0.22 13 ± 0.28 12 ± 0.66 14 ± 0.68 16 ± 0.18 18 ± 0.38
  1. Each value represents the mean ± standard error. R Resistant, Sample 5, 9, 11 – Escherichia coli, Sample 19, 26, 31, 35, 36, 38 – Klebsiella pneumoniae, MTCC 109 – Klebsiella pneumoniae, MTCC 441 – Bacillus subtilis, MTCC 3160 – Staphylococcus aureus, MTCC 870 – Aspergillus fumigatus, MTCC 1637 – Candida albicans