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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 7 Results of the effect of the total ethanolic extract and different fractions of A. hirtum leaves on the percentage of lowering blood glucose level on diabetic rats

From: Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic and antidiabetic activities of Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) Sweet

Group Dose mg/kg Percentage of lowering blood glucose level (%)
0 h 30 min 1 h 2 h 3 h 4 h 5 h
Total extract 300 0.34 0.0 0.0 26.03 29.81 40.86 47.79
Petroleum ether fraction 300 −1.62 1.38 0.27 21.84 31.25 37.98 47.79
Chloroform fraction 300 −1.87 2.97 5.0 26.52 31.74 40.28 50.04
Ethyl acetate fraction 300 −0.98 −0.49 12.33 25.78 31.50 45.56 49.80
Aqueous fraction 300 −1.13 −1.23 1.46 21.10 25.95 33.57 46.36
Crude polysaccharides 300 −2.11 0.99 6.14 52.51 57.91 65.34 81.08
Metformin 150 −0.49 1.38 9.51 32.05 38.97 45.80 55.45