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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 1 The effects of oral administration of extracts (aqueous or ethanol) of A. wilkesiana leaves on serum sodium, potassium, chloride and calcium concentrations of salt-loaded rabbits

From: ACALYPHA WILKESIANA regulates fluid volume but affects selected tissues in salt loaded rabbits

  GROUP
SERUM DAY 1 (Cont. Salt) 2 (Salt+Aq. Ext) 3 (Salt +Et. Ext) 4 (Salt+DW) 5 (Control)
 SODIUM (mEq/l) 71 123.67 ± 4.67ax 120.67 ± 2.85ax 124.67 ± 2.03ax 124.33 ± 4.70ax 104.67 ± 0.88bx
78 122.67 ± 0.33dx 103.67 ± 5.84ey 115.00 ± 4.00cx 117.00 ± 1.00cx 106.33 ± 1.45cx
 POTASSIUM (mEq/l) 71 13.40 ± 1.56ax 12.87 ± 3.5ax 9.33 ± 2.50ax 7.17 ± 0.37ax 8.63 ± 0.67ax
78 5.30 ± 0.66by 60% decrease 4.50 ± 0.15by 65% decrease 5.37 ± 0.73by 42% decrease 4.33 ± 0.37bx 40% decrease 6.50 ± 0.81bx 25% decrease
 CHLORIDE (mEq/l) 71 102.12 ± 1.69a 112.43 ± 7.25ax 102.38 ± 3.38ax 108.73 ± 1.59ax 96.30 ± 9.51ax
78 74.68 ± 2.78b 69.06 ± 9.06by 82.45 ± 2.53bx 85.87 ± 2.65bx 85.51 ± 1.63bx
 CALCIUM (mg/dl) 71 9.60 ± 0.37ax 9.24 ± 0.07bx 9.81 ± 0.09ax 9.78 ± 0.18ax 10.36 ± 0.23ax
78 10.45 ± 0.04dx 9.83 ± 0.16dx 9.20 ± 0.64cx 10.17 ± 0.36dx 10.84 ± 0.11dx
  1. Data are presented as Means ± S.E.M (n = 6). Means with different symbol x, y along columns and a, b, c & d along rows are significantly different (p < 0.05)