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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 2 The effects of oral administration of extracts (aqueous or ethanol) of A. wilkesiana leaves on serum bicarbonate, urea and creatinine concentrations of salt-loaded rabbits

From: ACALYPHA WILKESIANA regulates fluid volume but affects selected tissues in salt loaded rabbits

  GROUP
SERUM DAY 1 (Cont. Salt) 2 (Salt+ Aq. Ext) 3 (Salt +Et. Ext) 4 (Salt+DW) 5 (Control)
 BICARBONATE (mmol/l) 71 28.16 ± 5.81ax 30.79 ± 2.09ax 37.37 ± 1.05ax 34.74 ± 2.73ax 59.74 ± 3.10bx
78 42.10 ± 1.60dy 33% increase 11.31 ± 0.53cy 63% decrease 14.21 ± 2.41cy 62% decrease 15.79 ± 1.64cy 55% decrease 29.74 ± 3.73ey 50% decrease
 UREA (mg/dl) 71 37.08 ± 2.59ax 35.52 ± 1.74ax 32.38 ± 1.60ax 29.84 ± 1.38ax 34.86 ± 3.43ax
78 33.38 ± 4.34bx 35.32 ± 0.28bx 46.42 ± 0.61cy 33.97 ± 1.69bx 37.65 ± 2.86bx
 CREATININE (mg/dl) 71 0.86 ± 0.13ax 0.88 ± 0.04ax 0.97 ± 0.16ax 1.17 ± 0.06ax 1.01 ± 0.02ax
78 0.81 ± 0.06bx 0.76 ± 0.04bx 0.83 ± 0.06bx 0.93 ± 0.06bx 0.85 ± 0.09bx
  1. Data are presented as Means ± S.E.M (n = 6). Means with different symbol x, y along columns and a, b, c & d along rows are significantly different (p < 0.05)