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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 1 Haematological parameters of healthy animals administered with ethanolic extract aqueous and n-hexane partitioned extracts of X. aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich

From: Influence of ethanolic extracts of dried fruit of Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich on haematological and biochemical parameters in healthy Wistar rats

Group PCV (%) RBC (× 106/μ/l) Hb (g/dl) MCV (fl) MCH (pg) MCHC (g/dl) WBC (×103/μ/l) NEU (%) LYM (%) PLT (×103/μ/l)
Control 44.43 ± 0.47a 7.48 ± 0.04a 13.67 ± 0.22a 59.43 ± 0.77a 18.27 ± 0.34a 30.73 ± 0.19a 6.40 ± 0.28a 21.50 ± 1.33a 70.50 ± 1.33a 892.00 ± 37.27a
HPE 100 mg/kg 50.90 ± 0.89b 8.41 ± 0.09b 15.10 ± 0.09b 60.50 ± 0.84a 17.97 ± 0.09a 29.73 ± 0.48b 9.73 ± 0.34b 21.9 ± 0.66a 70.07 ± 0.64a 787.67 ± 43.77a
HPE 200 mg/kg 51.67 ± 0.42b 8.52 ± 0.06b 15.17 ± 0.15b 60.67 ± 0.18a 17.80 ± 0.04a 29.37 ± 0.08b 8.20 ± 0.69bc 32.73 ± 2.84bd 59.20 ± 2.72cd 791.33 ± 23.07a
APE 100 mg/kg 48.47 ± 0.68b 8.11 ± 0.08b 14.50 ± 0.15bf 59.80 ± 0.22a 17.90 ± 0.06a 29.90 ± 0.18b 11.47 ± 0.53d 22.13 ± 2.36a 70.43 ± 2.72a 835.33 ± 18.53a
APE 200 mg/kg 44.50 ± 1.52a 7.34 ± 0.26a 12.90 ± 0.46af 60.60 ± 0.07a 17.60 ± 0.13a 28.97 ± 0.18b 7.27 ± 0.98ac 37.93 ± 2.47d 54.43 ± 2.92c 564.67 ± 89.26c
ECE 100 mg/kg 50.37 ± 0.37b 8.48 ± 0.02b 14.97 ± 0.18b 59.43 ± 0.27a 17.63 ± 0.16a 29.70 ± 0.16b 11.60 ± 0.19d 28.97 ± 2.89b 62.73 ± 2.89d 759.00 ± 39.35a
ECE 200 mg/kg 50.53 ± 1.96b 8.30 ± 0.31b 14.77 ± 0.48b 60.87 ± 0.35a 17.80 ± 0.19a 29.27 ± 0.24b 6.90 ± 0.54ac 28.43 ± 2.65ab 63.20 ± 2.59d 560.00 ± 102.44c
  1. Data presented as Mean ± SEM, n = 6, values within a column with different superscripts are significantly different at p < 0.05. HPE n-hexane partitioned extract, APE Aqueous partitioned extract, ECE Ethanolic extract, PCV Packed Cell Volume, RBC Red Blood Cell Count, Hb Haemoglobin, MCV Mean Cell Volume, MCH mean cell haemoglobin, MCHC Mean Cell Haemoglobin Concentration, WBC White Blood Cells, NEU Nuetrophil, LYM Lymphocytes, PLT Platelets