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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 6 Plasma protein concentration and indices of liver function test in healthy rats administered with ethanolic extract, aqueous and n-hexane partitioned extracts of X. aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich

From: Influence of ethanolic extracts of dried fruit of Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich on haematological and biochemical parameters in healthy Wistar rats

  Plasma   Liver
Group Total Protein (g/l) Albumin (g/l) Globulin (g/l) AST (U/g of protein) ALT (U/g of protein) ALP (U/g of protein)   AST (U/g of protein) ALT (U/g of protein) ALP (U/g of protein)
Control 31.89 ± 2.10a 14.18 ± 0.98a 17.71 ± 2.76a 2.08 ± 0.13a 0.80 ± 0.07a 2.23 ± 0.24a   62.70 ± 0.96a 38.9 ± 0.55a 9.96 ± 0.46a
HPE 100 mg/kg 40.54 ± 3.01b 25.38 ± 2.77b 15.16 ± 1.57a 1.55 ± 0.16b 0.57 ± 0.05bc 1.75 ± 0.18ab   99.98 ± 16.41b 145.65 ± 5.65b 12.36 ± 1.65a
HPE 200 mg/kg 46.41 ± 1.99c 30.17 ± 1.58c 16.24 ± 2.16a 1.32 ± 0.07b 0.44 ± 0.05b 1.90 ± 0.09ab   95.22 ± 17.37bc 63.5 ± 8.08c 12.07 ± 2.87a
APE 100 mg/kg 34.89 ± 1.74a 17.53 ± 0.82bd 18.36 ± 2.19a 1.58 ± 0.15a 0.66 ± 0.07c 1.37 ± 0.41b   123.53 ± 2.35d 109.62 ± 1.37f 12.10 ± 2.021a
APE 200 mg/kg 49.68 ± 5.34c 15.26 ± 2.25ad 34.42 ± 4.27b 1.37 ± 0.19a 0.49 ± 0.04bc 1.28 ± 0.34b   63.59 ± 1.98a 38.99 ± 1.43a 15.93 ± 3.93ab
ECE 100 mg/kg 58.36 ± 2.78d 20.94 ± 3.10b 37.42 ± 3.86b 1.10 ± 0.08c 0.41 ± 0.05b 1.28 ± 0.23b   77.12 ± 4.03ab 50.61 ± 1.32d 11.60 ± 2.81a
ECE 200 mg/kg 36.98 ± 2.49b 17.48 ± 2.50bd 19.50 ± 1.84a 1.70 ± 0.10ab 0.58 ± 0.03bc 1.09 ± 0.37b   119.84 ± 4.19c 74.57 ± 1.70e 17.05 ± 2.09b
  1. Data presented as Mean ± SEM, n = 5, values within a column with different superscripts are significantly different at p < 0.05. HPE n-hexane partitioned extract, APE Aqueous partitioned extract, ECE Ethanolic extract, AST Aspartate aminotransferase, ALT Alanine aminotransferase, ALP Alkaline phosphatase