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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 11 Results representing the percentage of decrease in of blood glucose level of the total ethanol extract and the different fractions of C. myxa L. leaves using streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemia method

From: Total phenolic and flavonoid contents and antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic and antidiabetic activities of Cordia myxa L. leaves

Group Dose mg/kg Percentage of decrease in blood glucose level (%)
0 h 30 min 1 h 2 h 3 h 4 h 5 h
Total extract 350 −6.09 36.54 49.38 53.13 68.22 61.17 30.40
Petroleum ether fraction 350 −7.11 45.41 49.69 55.96 70.78 65.70 26.47
Dichloromethane fraction 350 −16 0.62 23.52 42.79 36.56 12.30 −0.42
Ethyl acetate fraction 350 −2.37 4.04 −0.47 −1.72 −3.44 − 0.64 3.10
Butanol fraction 350 −3.72 −0.31 − 3.58 −26.02 2.22 1.19 −1.45
Vildagliptin 50 −5.90 41.68 52.18 55.49 78.69 72.49 44.78