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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 2 Effect of the phenolic extract of the P. emblica flesh on the blood glucose level of the glucose induced rats

From: Pharmaceutical hit of anti type 2 Diabetes mellitus on the phenolic extract of Malaka (Phyllanthus emblica L.) flesh

No.TreatmentLevel of Blood Glucose (Mean ± SD, mg/dL)
Pre-treatment bloodDiabetic bloodPost-treatment blood
1P097.33 ± 0.58387.33 ± 9.02399.00 ± 1.73a
P197.67 ± 0.58381.33 ± 6.1198.67 ± 1.15b
P298.00 ± 1.73384.00 ± 3.61104.00 ± 6.93b
P397.67 ± 0.47388.00 ± 0.82119.00 ± 0.82c
2ANOVA tableF (DFn, DFd)p value 
InteractionF (6, 16) = 1369<  0.0001 
Concentration (extract and control)F (3, 8) = 1313<  0.0001 
Blood Glucose LevelF (1.69, 13.49) = 17,012<  0.0001 
3Dunnett's post hoc testp valueSignificant? 
P0 versus P1<  0.0001Yes 
P1 versus P2= 0.5403No 
P1 versus P3<  0.0001Yes 
  1. Different letters designated significant differences among the group (p < 0.05, Dunnett’s post hoc following the two factor ANOVA), P0 = the negative control, P1 = the positive control, P2 = the ethyl acetate extract of the Malaka flesh given a concentration of 100 mg/kg body weight, P3 = the ethyl acetate extract of the Malaka flesh given a concentration of 200 mg/kg body weight