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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 3 A number of cells on histology of kidney, pancreas, and liver rats in various treatments

From: Pharmaceutical hit of anti type 2 Diabetes mellitus on the phenolic extract of Malaka (Phyllanthus emblica L.) flesh

TreatmentHistology of rat kidneyHistology of rat pancreasHistology of rat liver
Normal cells of renal tubules (cells, Mean ± SD)Proximal renal necrosa tubules (cells, Mean ± SD)Pancreatic β cells (cells, Mean ± SD)Normal hepatocyte count (cell, Mean ± SD)Necrosa hepatocytes (cells, Mean ± SD)
P0560 ± 10,00a32 ± 2,08d450 ± 10,00a180 ± 10,00a13 ± 3,51c
P1435 ± 13,22c123 ± 4,72a420 ± 10,00b140 ± 10,00b30 ± 7,63ab
P2447 ± 11,50c103 ± 10,06b410 ± 11,53b123 ± 9,50b43 ± 10,14a
P3534 ± 10,00b76 ± 9,50c436 ± 15,82ab164 ± 12,50a25 ± 5,00bc
  1. P0 = the negative control, P1 = the positive control, P2 = the ethyl acetate extract of the Malaka flesh given a concentration of 100 mg/kg body weight, P3 = the ethyl acetate extract of the Malaka flesh given a concentration of 200 mg/kg body weight. Different letters showed significant differences among the group (p < 0.05)