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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

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Table 2 The antibacterial activity (zone of inhibition in mm) of different parts of Sphaeranthus indicus extracted with various solvents against MTCC cultures

From: Comparative assessment of antimicrobial and antioxidant activity between whole plant and parts of Sphaeranthus indicus Linn. (Asteraceae)

Plant partExtractsBc-430Bs-441Sa-96Se-435Ec-1687Kp-3384Pa-741Pv- 744
Whole plantHexane16.83 ± 0.44a12.92 ± 0.19c12.71 ± 0.12c13.08 ± 0.19c14.75 ± 0.22b
 Ethyl acetate8.67 ± 0.28d, e8.83 ± 0.21d,e7.87 ± 0.21e9.08 ± 0.08d,e8.25 ± 0.28d,e9.41 ± 0.96d
 Methanol polar fraction8.25 ± 0.478.75 ± 0.48
 Aqueous
LeafHexane20.83
±0.24a
 Ethyl acetate8.67
±0.14b
7.67
±0.14c
 Methanol polar fraction9.17
±0.11b
9.08
±0.34b
 Aqueous
InflorescenceHexane12.17
±0.17c,d
 Ethyl acetate12.50
±0.72b,c
14.17
±0.60a
10.50
±0.34e
13.67
±0.21a,b
11.00
±0.26d,e
10.83
±0.40d,e
10.83
±0.40d,e
12.17
±0.40c,d
 Methanol polar fraction
 Aqueous
StemHexane8.33 ± 0.21c,d,e12.00 ± 0.36a8.50 ± 0.22b,c,d9.33
± 0.33b
7.83 ± 0.33d,eND7.50 ± 0.22e7.50 ± 0.22
 Ethyl acetate9.00 ± 0.25b,c8.83 ± 0.17b,c8.33 ± 0.17b,c8.33 ± 0.17b,c
 Methanol polar fraction
 Aqueous
RootHexane8.83
± 0.40a
9.50 ± 0.43a8.33 ± 0.42b
 Ethyl acetate8.33 ± 1.21b9.33 ± 0.81a
 Methanol polar fraction
 Aqueous
Streptomycin 10.00
±0.13
10.54
±0.70
10.93
±0.92
11.19
±1.00
12.58
±1.54
12.06
±1.03
12.43
±0.94
11.25
±1.16
  1. Bc- B. cereus, Bs- B. subtilis, Sa- S. aureus, Se - S. epidermidis, Ec – E. coli, Kp - K. pneumonia, Pa- P. aeruginosa, Pv – P. vulgaris
  2. The values are expressed as Mean ± SE (n = 3). The different superscript letters denote the significant difference within row at p < 0.05 (Tukey’s test)