Skip to main content

International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Clinical Phytoscience Cover Image

Table 3 The antibacterial activity (zone of inhibition in mm) of different parts of Sphaeranthus indicus extracted with various solvents against clinical isolates

From: Comparative assessment of antimicrobial and antioxidant activity between whole plant and parts of Sphaeranthus indicus Linn. (Asteraceae)

Plant partExtractsBcBsSaSeEcKpPaPv
Whole plantHexane12.25 ± 0.13e22.75 ± 0.28b23.33 ± 0.14b19.08 ± 0.14d12.33 ± 0.22e
 Ethyl acetate20.58 ± 0.15c7.33 ± 0.14i23.08 ± 0.15b24.67 ± 0.14a9.75 ± 0.13f7.75 ± 0.13 h,i9.58 ± 0.15f10.17 ± 0.11f
 Methanol polar fraction8.67 ± 0.28 g8.33 ± 0.22 g, h
 Aqueous
LeafHexane16.92
±0.24c
24.83
±0.36a
 Ethyl acetate17.08
±0.31c
16.33
±0.38c
18.67
±0.14b
 Methanol polar fraction10.41
±0.15d
8.08
±0.29e
 Aqueous        
InflorescenceHexane27.17
±0.54b
16.17
±0.17b
27.17
±0.17b
31.33
±0.21a
9.83
±0.40f,g
14.17
±0.17d
 
 Ethyl acetate26.33
±0.33b
13.17
±0.40d,e
26.17
±0.48b
29.67
±0.42a
12.17
±0.17e
10.17
±0.17f,g
9.17
±0.17g
14.67
±0.33c,d
 Methanol polar fraction11.50
±1.05e,f
11.50
± 0.50e,f
14.50
±0.43c,d
 Aqueous        
StemHexane7.67 ± 0.21d,e7.50
± 0.22e
12.33 ± 0.88b9.33 ± 0.21c,d9.33 ± 0.21c,d13.17 ± 0.79b7.50 ± 0.22e
 Ethyl acetate9.50 ± 0.22c13.17
± 0.17b
9.67 ± 0.21c8.67 ± 0.21c,d,e9.17 ± 0.31c,d,e
 Methanol polar fraction25.67
±1.21a
12.50
±0.55b
9.83
±0.31c
10.17
±0.40c
 Aqueous        
RootHexane7.67 ± 0.52b,c9.00 ± 0.83b,c7.83 ± 0.41b,c
 Ethyl acetate19.50 ± 1.64a
 Methanol polar fraction18.17 ± 1.33a9.83 ± 0.75b6.67 ± 5.24c
 Aqueous        
Streptomycin 13.50
±1.17
11.45
±0.80
10.25
±0.25
12.25
±0.25
10.06
±0.30
11.25
±0.28
17.25
±0.25
18.50
±0.28
  1. Bc- B. cereus, Bs- B. subtilis, Sa- S. aureus, Se - S. epidermidis, Ec – E. coli, Kp - K. pneumonia, Pa- P. aeruginosa, Pv – P. vulgaris
  2. The values are expressed as Mean ± SE (n = 3). The different superscript letters denote the significant difference within row at p < 0.05 (Tukey’s test)