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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

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Table 4 Antioxidant activity of different parts of their extracts of S. indicus

From: Comparative assessment of antimicrobial and antioxidant activity between whole plant and parts of Sphaeranthus indicus Linn. (Asteraceae)

PartsExtractsReducing power
(μg AAE/ ml of extract)
DMPD (IC50 in μg AAE/ ml of extract)DPPH (IC50 in μg AAE/ ml of extract)
Whole plantHexane17.97 ± 0.18i
 Ethyl acetate21.57 ± 0.06g,h
 Methanol-polar fraction52.87 ± 2.51e23.62 ± 0.58b,c35.40 ± 0.02b,c
 Aqueous49 ± 0.11e19.24 ± 0.26e,f38.12 ± 2.13a
LeafHexane22.37 ± 0.37g
 Ethyl acetate26.66 ± 0.04f
 Methanol-polar fraction60.33 ± 0.07d28.29 ± 0.05a37.69 ± 0.27a,b
 Aqueous328.93 ± 0.24a25.53 ± 0.24b35.82 ± 0.05a,b,c
InflorescenceHexane18.20 ± 0.07i
 Ethyl acetate31.26 ± 0.08e
 Methanol-polar fraction43.4 ± 0.23f28.65 ± 0.19a34.61 ± 0.08c,d
 Aqueous109.53 ± 0.18c29.69 ± 0.19a35.91 ± 0.31a,b,c
StemHexane19.68 ± 0.03h,i
 Ethyl acetate35.33 ± 0.08b,c
 Methanol-polar fraction36.73 ± 0.07g22.49 ± 0.20c,d31.29 ± 0.07e
 Aqueous60.6 ± 1.62d20.82 ± 0.43d,e32.40 ± 0.06d,e
RootHexane9.47 ± 0.08j
 Ethyl acetate17.44 ± 0.24i
 Methanol-polar fraction36.27 ± 0.07g24.09 ± 0.76b,c26.54 ± 0.08f
 Aqueous134.47 ± 0.18b17.87 ± 0.40f26.79 ± 0.06f
  1. The results are mean ± SE (n = 3). The different superscript letters denote the significant at p < 0.05 (Tukey’s test)