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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 1 List of plants selected for the study of α-amylase inhibitory potentials of their methanolic extracts

From: Evaluation of the alpha-amylase inhibitory activity of Nepalese medicinal plants used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus

S. N. Scientific Name Local Name Family Inhibitiona(%) Ethnobotanical use
1 Abrus precatorius L. Ratigedi Fabaceae < 50 [27]
2 Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd. Khayar Fabaceae 89.9 [17, 28]
3 Acorus calamus L. Bojho Araceae < 50 [29]
4 Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa Bel Rutaceae < 50 [27, 30]
5 Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f. Gheukumari Asphodelaceae < 50 [27, 31]
6 Amomum subulatum Roxb. Alachi Zingiberaceae < 50 [29]
7 Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Neem Meliaceae < 50 [17, 27]
8 Bauhinia variegata L. Koiralo Fabaceae < 50 [28]
9 Berberis asiatica Roxb. ex DC. Chutro Berberidaceae < 50 [30]
10 Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don Barmase Apocynaceae < 50 [31]
11 Cinnamomum tamala (Buch. -Ham.) T. Nees & Eberm. Tejpat Lauraceae < 50 [29, 30]
12 Cleistocalyx operculatus (Roxb.) Merr. & L.M.Perry Kyaamuna Myrtaceae < 50 [28]
13 Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt Kundru Cucurbitaceae < 50 [32]
14 Dioscorea bulbifera L. Bhyakur Discoreaceae 58.7 [33]
15 Ficus benghalensis L. Bar Moraceae < 50 [27, 34]
16 Ficus racemosa L. Gular Moraceae < 50 [27, 34]
17 Ficus religiosa L. Peepal Moraceae < 50 [27]
18 Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Friis Chalne Sisno Urticaceae < 50 [35]
19 Holoptelea integrifolia Roxb. Planch Kanju, Sano Pangro Ulmaceae < 50 [36]
20 Justicia adhatoda L. Asuro Acanthaceae < 50 [27]
21 Momordica charantia L. Tite Karela Cucurbitaceae < 50 [27, 32]
22 Murraya koenigii L. Spreng. Mitho Neem, Mechiya Saag Rutaceae < 50 [30]
23 Nyctanthes arbortristis L. Parijat Oleaceae < 50 [37]
24 Ocimum tenuiflorum L. Kalo tulsi Lamiaceae < 50 [27]
25 Punica granatum L. Anar Punicaceae < 50 [27]
26 Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Willd. Ashok Fabaceae < 50 [36]
27 Shorea robusta Gaertn. Sal Dipterocarpaceae < 50 [28]
28 Swertia chirata Buch.-Ham.ex Wall. Chiraito Gentianaceae 63.5 [28, 38]
29 Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels Fadel Myrtaceae < 50 [27]
30 Tinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merr. Gurjo Menispermaceae < 50 [17]
31 Urtica parviflora Roxb. Sisnoo Urticaceae < 50 [27]
32 Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Timur Rutaceae < 50 [30]
  1. aAt 500 μg/mL