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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

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Table 3 Effects of ethanolic extract T. indica L. leaf on food intake and body weight of high-fat diet induced rats

From: Antioxidant-rich Tamarindus indica L. leaf extract reduced high-fat diet-induced obesity in rat through modulation of gene expression

Parameter ND HFD HFD + TILE100 HFD + TILE200 HFD + TILE400
Food intake (g/day) 18.23 ± 2.51a 18.51 ± 3.11a 20.21 ± 2.42a 19.41 ± 2.92a 19.21 ± 2.67a
Percent weight gain 39.82 ± 4.25a 66.27 ± 5.42b 62.91 ± 7.38b 59.72 ± 5.32b 45.26 ± 4.53a
Liver weight (g/100 g body weight) 3.12 ± 0.43a 4.83 ± 0.63b 4.64 ± 0.54b 4.52 ± 0.57b 3.61 ± 0.61a
Epidedymal fat (g/100 g body weight) 1.13 ± 0.12a 1.81 ± 0.23b 1.72 ± 0.18b 1.64 ± 0.19b 1.61 ± 0.17b
Mesenteric fat (g/100 g body weight) 0.73 ± 0.08a 1.17 ± 0.13b 1.02 ± 0.12b 0.97 ± 0.10a 0.84 ± 0.11a
Peritoneal fat (g/100 g body weight) 0.87 ± 0.10a 1.26 ± 0.15b 1.22 ± 0.11b 1.17 ± 0.13b 0.91 ± 0.12a
  1. Effects of Tamarindus indica L. leaf extract (TILE) on food intake, body weight gain, liver weight and adipose tissue weight in different group of Wistar rats fed with either of standard laboratory diet (SD), or high-fat diet (HFD), or HFD with TILE. TILE was given orally everyday throughout the study period either in low dose (HFD + TILE100), or intermediate dose (HFD + TILE200) or high dose (HFD + TILE400). Data was analyzed by one way ANOVA followed by Newman-Keuls’s post-hoc test and expressed as mean ± SEM (n = 6). Values with different superscript letters within the same row are significantly different at p < 0.05