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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 2 Effect of herbal ointment on immunological markers in excision wounded animals

From: Wound healing potentials of herbal ointment containing Calendula officinalis Linn. on the alteration of immunological markers and biochemical parameters in excision wounded animals

Groups Interleukin − 6 (IL – 6) (pg/ml) Platelet Derived Growth Factors (PDGF)(pg/ml) Tumor Necrosis Factor - alpha (TNF - α) (pg/ml) Epidernmal Growth Factor (EGF) (pg/ml)
I 2650 ± 1.05 16.20 ± 0.08 22.58 ± 0.05 48.80 ± 0.45
II 13,500 ± 2.30 a* 3.25 ± 0.01 a* 183.75 ± 1.50 a* 12.50 ± 0.06 a*
III 5500 ± 1.25 b* 11.61 ± 0.06 b* 82.56 ± 0.80 b* 40.21 ± 0.08 b*
IV 2700 ± 0.98 b* 15.21 ± 0.05 b* 28.56 ± 0.20 b* 46.52 ± 0.07 b*
V 2540 ± 0.53 c* 15.95 ± 0.05 c* 30.55 ± 0.08 c* 44.50 ± 0.15 c*
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SEM n = 6.
  2. a*P < 0.05 statistically significant when excision wound control (Group II) compared with normal group (Group I),b**P < 0.05 statistically significant when HO treated (Group III,IV) compared with excision wound control groups (group II), c*P < 0.05 statistically significant when HO treated (Group III, IV) compared with Reference ointment treated (Group V)