Skip to main content

International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 5 Phytochemical examination results

From: A pharmacological audit and advancement on the recent trend of research on Ficus benghalensis L. including its in vitro hepatoprotective activity

Solvent System Single solvent system Multiple solvent systems (Gradient Extracts)
Chemical for test Reagent E W PE CF EA GE GW
Alkaloids Mayer’s reagent + + +
Dragendorff reagent + + +
Hager reagent + + +
Wagner reagent + + +
Glycosides Borntrager’s + +
Mod. Borntrager’s + + + + + +
Killer-Killiani
Legal’s
Baljet
Forth formation
Tannin Fecl3 test + + +
Gelatine test
Protein and amino acid Biuret test +
Ninhydrine test +
Hydrolysis test
Heat test
Steroid Salkowski + + + + + +
Flavonoids Shinoda test + + + +
Zn-HCl test + + + +
Carbohydrate Molisch’s test + + + +
  1. E Ethanol extract; W Aqueous extract; PE Petroleum ether fraction; CF Chloroform fraction; EA Ethyl acetate fraction; GE Gradient ethanol fraction; GW Gradient aqueous fraction
  2. ‘+’ indicates present; ‘-’ indicates absent