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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

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Table 1 Phytochemical constituents of ESMU

From: Phytochemical screening and antioxidant, analgesic, and anthelmintic effect of ethanolic extract of Merremia umbellate stems

Sl No. Constituents Test Results
1 Reducing sugar Fehling’s solution +
2 Alkaloids Dragendorff’s and Mayer’s reagent +
3 Flavonoids Sodium hydroxide +
4 Tannins Ferric chloride and Potassium dichromate +
5 Steroids Libermann-Burchard and sulphuric acid tests +
6 Glycosides chloroform and 10% ammonia solution +
7 Xanthoproteins Conc. Nitric acid +
8 Gums Molish’s reagent
9 Anthraquinone Ammonia solution
10 Acidic compounds Sodium bicarbonate +
  1. ‘+’ = presence, ‘-’ = absence