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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 1 Proximate composition (g/100 g DW) of African wild lettuce leaves

From: Nutritional, antioxidant, angiotensin-converting-enzyme and carbohydrate-hydrolyzing-enzyme inhibitory activities of underutilized leafy vegetable: African wild lettuce (Lactuca taraxacifolia Willd)

Component WLF WLE WLR WPI
Protein 23.28 ± 0.04cb 24.17 ± 0.02b 7.89 ± 0.02d 46.57 ± 0.08a
Fiber 17.31 ± 2.02b 10.59 ± 0.96c 37.37 ± 2.98a 4.17 ± 0.02d
Fat 3.95 ± 0.08a 3.64 ± 0.36a 3.97 ± 0.04a 1.95 ± 0.57b
Ash 14.05 ± 0.56b 10.03 ± 0.47c 15.26 ± 0.51a 9.41 ± 0.52d
Moisture 4.44 ± 0.55b 6.03 ± 0.55a 7.05 ± 0.55a 4.15 ± 0.52b
Carbohydrate 37.07 ± 3.15a 45.94 ± 4.08a 46.45 ± 2.19a 34.07 ± 3.17a
  1. aWLF Wild lettuce powder, WLE Wild lettuce extracts, WLR Wild lettuce residue, WPI Wild lettuce protein isolate
  2. bMeans followed by different letters are significantly different (p < 0.05) according to Duncan post-hoc test; means of three replicates ± standard deviation