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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 1 Nutritional composition of 100 g of black pepper

From: Phytochemistry and therapeutic potential of black pepper [Piper nigrum (L.)] essential oil and piperine: a review

Chemical composition Concentration References
Proximate   
Water (g) 8.0 [36]
Energy (Kcal) 400.0 [36]
Carbohydrate (g) 66.5 [36]
Protein (g) 10.0 [36]
Fat (g) 10.2 [36]
Total Ash (%) 3.43–5.09 [38]
Crude fibre (%) 10.79–18.60 [38]
Minerals   
Calcium (mg) 400.0 [36]
Magnesium (mg) 235.8–249.8 [37]
Phosphorus (mg) 160.0 [36]
Sodium (mg) 10.0 [36]
Potassium (mg) 1200.0 [36]
Iron (mg) 17.0[36]  
Zinc (mg) 1.45–1.72 [37]
Vitamins   
Vitamin C (mg) 27.46–32.53 [37]
Vitamin B1 (mg) 0.74–0.91 [37]
Vitamin B2 (mg) 0.48–0.61 [37]
Vitamin B3 (mg) 0.63–0.78 [37]
Metabolites   
Tannin (mg) 2.11–2.80 [37]
Flavonoids   
Catechin (µg) 410.0 [10]
Myricetin (µg) 56.0 [10]
Quercetin (µg) 13.0 [10]
Carotenoids   
Lutein (µg) 260.0 [10]
β-carotene (µg) 150.0 [10]