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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 1 List of plants, its habit and parts used for treatment of heart disease

From: Cure and prevention of cardiovascular diseases: herbs for heart

S. No. Scientific name Common name Family name Habit Part used
1 Achillea millefolium Common Yarrow Asteraceae Herb Fruit (Seed)
2 Acorus calamus Calamus Acoraceae Herb Root (Rhizome)
3 Actaea racemosa Black cohosh Ranunculaceae Herb Leaf and stem (http://www.nmpb.nic.in/)
4 Allium sativum Garlic Amaryllidaceae Herb Root
5 Aloe vera Aloe vera Asphodelaceae Herb Leaf
6 Amomum subulatum Roxb Black cardamom Zingiberaceae Herb Leaf, Seed, Fruit
7 Anchusa italica Retz. Anchusa Boraginaceae Herb Flowers
8 Anethum graveolens Dill Apiaceae Herb Fruit (Seed), Fruit
9 Anthemis gayana Boiss. Mayweed Asteraceae Herb Leaf and flower
10 Apium graveolens Ajmoda Apiaceae Herb Fruit
11 Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. Agarwood Thymelaeaceae Tree Stem Wood
12 Arctium minus hill. Lesser burdock Compositae Herb Root
13 Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Bans Poaceae Shrub Leaf
14 Berberis darwinii Barbery Berberidaceae Herb Rhizomes [11]
15 Berberis integerrima Zerešk Berberidaceae Shrub Fruit
16 Berberis vulgaris Common barberry Berberidaceae Shrub Fruit
17 Boerhavia diffusa Puarnava Nyctaginaceae Herb Root, Whole Plant
18 Boswellia sacra Olibanum-tree Burseraceae Tree Gum resin [12]
19 Calamintha acinos (L.) Clairv. calamints Lamiaceae Herb Aerial parts
20 Calendula officinalis L. English marigold Asteraceae Herb Flowers
21 Camellia sinensis Tea Theaceae Shrub Leaf
22 Capsicum annuum Capsicum Solanaceae Herb Fruit
23 Carissa carandas linn. Karanda Apocynaceae Shrub Fruit
24 Carthamus tinctorius Safflower Asteraceae Herb Fruit (Seed)
25 Centaurea behen L. Behen Compositae Herb Roots
26 Centella asiatica (l.) Urban Gotu kola Apiaceae Herb Leaf, Whole Plant
27 Cichorium intybus Chicory Asteraceae Shrub Flower, Leaf, Root, Fruit (Seed)
28 Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Camphor tree Lauraceae Tree Camphor
29 Cinnamomum cassia (L.) Chinese cinnamon Lauraceae Herb Bark
30 Cinnamomum verum Cinnamon Lauraceae Tree Bark (Stem), Leaf
31 Citrus medica L. Citron Rutaceae Tree Fruit
32 Commiphora myrrha Myrrh Burseraceae Tree Oleo-Gum Resin
33 Commiphora wightii Gugglul Burseraceae Tree Oleo-Gum Resin, Stem, Root
34 Coriandrum sativum Coriander Apiaceae Herb Fruit, Leaf
35 Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn Rosaceae Tree Flower and Leaf
36 Crataegus pontica c. Koch. Hawberry Rosaceae Tree Fruit
37 Crocus haussknechtii Autumn crocus Iridaceae Herb whole plants [13]
38 Crocus sativus L. Saffron Iridaceae Herb Flowers
39 Curcuma longa Turmeric Zingiberaceae Herb Root (Rhizome, Tuber)
40 Curcuma zedoaria (Bergius) Zedoary Zingiberaceae Herb Rhizome
41 Ecbalium elaterium Squirting cucumber Cucurbitaceae Herb Fruit
42 Eclipta prostrata Bhringraj Asteraceae Herb Whole Plant
43 Elettaria cardamom Cardamom Zingiberaceae Herb Fruit (Fruit, Seed)
44 Falcaria vulgaris Sickleweed Apiaceae Herb Leaf, flower and Stem
45 Fragaria vesca L. Alpine strawberry Rosaceae Herb Leaf, rhizome and Fruit
46 Garcina indica choisy Amsul Clusiaceae Tree Fruit (Fruit, Peel)
47 Garcinia cambogia (gaertn.) Desr. Citrin Clusiaceae Tree Leaves and fruits [14]
48 Garcinia pedunculata roxb. Amlavettas Clusiaceae Tree Fruit
49 Genus panax Ginseng Araliaceae Shrub Root [15]
50 Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo Ginkgoaceae Tree Leaves [16]
51 Gmelina asiatica linn. Badhar Lamiaceae Tree Bark (Root)
52 Gundelia tournefortii Gundelia Asteraceae Herb Leaf
53 Inula helenium Elecampane Asteraceae Shrub Whole plant [17]
54 Juniperus communis Common juniper Cupressaceae Tree Fruit
55 Lactuca sativa Garden lettuce Asteraceae Herb Leaf
56 Lavandula stoechas L. French lavender Lamiaceae Herb Aerial parts and flowers
57 Leonurus cardiac Motherwort Lamiaceae Herb Whole plant [18]
58 Magnifera indica linn. Aam Anacardiaceae Tree Fruit
59 Malus domestica Baumg. Table apple Rosaceae Tree Peels and fruits
60 Malva neglecta Common mallow Malvaceae Herb Leaf and Stem
61 Medicago sativa Alfalfa leaves Fabaceae Herb Leaf
62 Melilotus indicus Sweet clover Fabaceae Herb Leaf
63 Melissa officinalis L. Lemon Balm Lamiaceae Herb Aerial parts and leaf
64 Mentha × piperita L. Peppermint Lamiaceae Herb Leaf
65 Mentha spicata Spearmint Lamiaceae Herb Leaf
66 Myristica fragrans Nutmeg Myristicaceae Tree Fruit
67 Nardostachys jatamansi Jatamamsi Caprifoliaceae Herb Root (Rhizome)
68 Nectaroscordum tripedale Avon Bulbs Amaryllidaceae Herb Flowers [19]
70 Nerium oleander L. Nerium Apocynaceae Shrub Leaf and flower
71 Nigella sativa Black-caraway Ranunculaceae Herb Fruit (Seed)
72 Nymphaea alba L. White nenuphar Nymphaeaceae Herb Flowers
73 Ocimum bacilicum Basil Lamiaceae Herb Leaf, Whole Plant, Root, Fruit (Seed)
74 Olea europaea Olive Oleaceae Tree Seeds
75 Paeonia officinalis L. Common peony Paeoniaceae Herb Roots
76 Paliurus spina-christi miller. Christ's thorn jujube Rhamnaceae Tree Fruit
77 Phyllanthus emblica L. Amla Phyllanthaceae Tree Fruits and Leaves, branches, barks
78 Picrorrhiza kurroa Katuka Plantaginaceae Herb Root
79 Piper longum Long pepper (pippali) Piperaceae Herb Root, Fruit
80 Piper nigrum Black pepper Piperaceae Herb Stem, Fruit
81 Pistacia vera L. Pistachio Anacardiaceae Tree Seed [20]
82 Polypodium vulgare L. Common polypody Polypodiaceae Herb Roots
83 Portulaca oleracea Common purslane Portulacaceae Herb Fruit (Seed), Whole Plant
84 Prunus scoparia (spach) schneider Wild almond Rosaceae Shrub Seed [21]
85 Pterocarpus santalinus L.f. Red sandalwood Fabaceae Tree Bark and wood
86 Punica granatum linn Anardana Lythraceae Shrub Flower, Fruit (Fruit, Seed)
87 Pyrus communis L. European pear Rosaceae Tree leaves and bark and fruit [22]
88 Rheum ribes Rhubarb of babilonia Polygonaceae Herb Stem
89 Rhus coriaria Sicilian sumac Anacardiaceae Shrub Leaf and Fruit
90 Rosa canina Dog rose Rosaceae Shrub Flowers
91 Rosa damascena Mill. Damask rose Rosaceae Shrub Flowers
92 Rubus caesius European dewberry Rosaceae Shrub Fruit and Leaf
93 Rumex crispus Curly dock Polygonaceae Herb Fruit and leaf
94 Ruscus aculeatus Butcher’s broom Asparagaceae Shrub Whole plant [23]
96 Santalum album L. Indian sandalwood Santalaceae Tree Bark and wood
97 Scutellaria pekinensis Skullcap Lamiaceae Herb Root [24]
98 Senna alexandrina mill Senna Fabaceae Herb Leaf, Fruit (Fruit, Seed)
99 Sesamun indicum Sesame Pedaliaceae Tree Leaf and Wood
100 Silybum marianum Cardus marianus Asteraceae Herb Fruit (Seed)
101 Smyrnium cordifolium Smyrnium Apiaceae Herb Seed
102 Strychnos nux-vomica Vishatinaduka Loganiaceae Tree Fruit (Seed), Stem Or Bark
103 Suaeda aegyptiaca Suaeda Amaranthaceae Herb Leaf
104 Symplocos racemosa Roxb. Symplocos Symplocaceae Shrub Bark [25]
105 Tamarindus indica L. Tamarind Fabaceae Tree Leaf and fruit
106 Taraxacum officinale Dandelion Asteraceae Herb Root (Rhizome)
107 Taxus baccata Yew Taxaceae Shrub Leaf
108 Terminalia arjuna (roxb.) Arjuna Combretaceae Tree Fruit (Seed), Bark (Stem)
109 Terminalia chebula Willd. ex Myrobalan Combretaceae Tree Fruits
110 Terminalia horrida Stoud. Terminalia Santalaceae Tree Fruits
111 Thymus serpyllum L. Breckland thyme Lamiaceae Herb Areal part
112 Trachyspermum ammi Ajwain Apiaceae Herb Fruit
113 Tragopogon porrifolius Yellow salsify Asteraceae Herb Root [26]
114 Trigonella foenum-graecum Fenugreek Fabaceae Herb Fruit (Seed)
115 Ulmus glabra Hudson. Scotch elm Ulmaceae Tree Leaf
116 Urtica dioica Nettle Urticaceae Herb Leaf and branches
117 Usnea barbata Ach. Usnea barbata Parmeliaceae Herb Filaments
118 Valeriana officinalis Valerian Caprifoliaceae Herb Fruit
120 Vitis vinifera Grape vine Vitaceae Shrub Fruit
121 Withania somnifera Ashwagandha Solanaceae Herb Root, Whole Plant
122 Zingiber officinale Sondh Zingiberaceae Herb Root, Whole Plant
123 Zingiber officinale roscoe Ginger Zingiberaceae Herb Root, Whole Plant
124 Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Sm. Lempoyang Zingiberaceae Herb Pseudo-stem (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scutellaria#Traditional_use)
125 Ziziphus jujuba(l) h.karst Indian date Rhamnaceae Tree Fruit
127 Ziziphus nummularia Jhar ber Rhamnaceae Shrub Flower, leaf and Fruit
128 Ziziphus spina-christi Thorn jujube Rhamnaceae Tree Leaf and Stem