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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 2: Heart disease and the Plant Uses (A-C)

From: Cure and prevention of cardiovascular diseases: herbs for heart

A. Plants used in only one disease of heart
 Reduction of blood pressure Achillea millefolium, Ecbalium elaterium, Falcaria vulgaris, Prunus scoparia (spach) Schneider, Berberis integrima, Crocus haussknechtii, Olea europaea, Silybum marianum, Smyrnium cordifolium, Taxus baccata, Tragapogon caricifolius, Ziziphus nummularia
 Angina Actaea racemosa, Camellia sinensis, Garcinia cambogia (gaertn.) Desr., Genus panax, Ginkgo biloba, Medicago sativa, Ruscus aculeatus
 Anti-oxidant Amomum subulatum Roxb, Anchusa italica Retz., Bambusa arundinacea Retz., Boerhavia diffusa, Boswellia carteri Birdw., Calamintha acinos (L.) Clairv., Centaurea behen L., Cinnamomum cassia (L.), Curcuma zedoaria (Bergius), Lavandula stoechas L., Pistacia vera L., Pterocarpus santalinus L.f., Rosa× damascena Mill., Symplocos racemosa Roxb., Tamarindus indica L., Terminalia horrida Stoud., Usnea barbata Ach., Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Sm.
 Treatment of blocked arteries Anthemis gayana Boiss.
 Cardio myopathies Apium graveolens, Strychnos nux-vomica
 Blood purification Arctium minus hill., Juniperus communis, Malva neglecta, Portulaca oleracea, Rhus coriaria, Rosa canina, Rubus caesius, Suaeda aegyptiaca
 Congenital heart disease Carissa carandas linn., Garcina indica choisy, Garcinia pedunculata roxb., Gmelina asiatica linn., Magnifera indica linn.
 Heart attack Carthamus tinctorius, Inula helenium
 Hypertension Centella asiatica (l.) Urban, Cinnamomum verum, Crataegus pontica c. Koch., Myristica fragrans, Nigella sativa, Paeonia officinalis L., Paliurus spina-christi miller., Piper longum, Piper nigrum, Scutellaria pekinensis, Terminalia arjuna (roxb.), Withania somnifera, Zingiber officinale
 Reduction in blood fat Coriandrum sativum, Gundelia tournefortii, Lactuca sativa, Mentha spicata, Polypodium vulgare L., Senna alexandrina mill, Sesamun indicum, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Urtica dioica
 Nourishing of the heart Fragaria vesca L.
 Increase in venous blood Melilotus indicus
 Cardiac tonic Nerium oleander L.
 Cardiac disorders and arrhythmias Ulmus glabra Hudson.
B. Plants used in two diseases of heart
 Hypertension, heart attack Acorus calamus, Aloe vera, Commiphora myrrha, Leonurus cardiac, Picrorrhiza kurroa
 Reduction of blood pressure, reduction in blood fat Anethum graveolens
 Anti-oxidant, cardiac tonic Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.
 Angina, hypertension Berberis darwinii, Capsicum annuum , Valeriana officinalis
 Reduction of blood pressure, blood purification Berberis vulgaris, Ziziphus spina-christi
 Reduction in blood fat, anti-oxidant Calendula officinalis L., Melissa officinalis L., Melissa officinalis L., Mentha × piperita L.
 Blood purification, reduction in blood fat Cichorium intybus
 Angina, anti-oxidant Cinnamomum camphora L.
 Angina, heart attack Commiphora wightii
 Blood purification, reduction in blood fat Eclipta prostrata
 Reduction in blood fat, anti-oxidant Malus domestica Baumg., Trachyspermum ammi
 Reduction of blood pressure, treatment of hypolipidemia Nectaro scordeum tripedale
 Reduction of blood pressure, anti-oxidant Nymphaea alba L.
 Hypertension, cardiac tonic Phyllanthus emblica L.
 Hypertension, anti-oxidant Pyrus communis L., Rheum ribes, Thymus serpyllum L.
 Hypertension, reduction in blood fat Santalum album L., Vitis vinifera
 Angina, reduction in blood fat Zingiber officinale roscoe
C. Plants used in three diseases of heart
 Angina, hyper-tension, heart attack Allium sativum, Curcuma longa
 Hypertension, anti-oxidant, cardiac tonic Nardostachys jatamansi
 Hypertension, reduction in blood fat, cardiac tonic Ocimum bacilicum
 Congenital heart disease, reduction in blood fat, cardiac tonic Punica granatum linn
 Reduction of blood pressure, blood purification, reduction in blood fat Rumex crispus
 Angina, reduction in blood fat, anti- oxidant Taraxacum officinale
 Reduction in blood fat, anti-oxidant, cardiac tonic Terminalia chebula Willd. ex
 Cardio myopathies, congenital heart disease, reduction of blood pressure Ziziphus jujuba(l) h.karst
D. Plants used in four diseases of heart
 Congenital heart disease, reduction in blood fat, anti- oxidant, cardiac tonic Citrus medica L.
 Angina, hypertension, heart attack, nourishing of the heart, Crataegus monogyna,
 Hypertension, cardio myopathies, reduction of blood pressure, anti-oxidant Elettaria cardamom
E. Plants used in five diseases of heart
 Hypertension, heart attack, reduction in blood fat, anti- oxidant, cardiac tonic Crocus sativus L.
  1. (Source: Babak Baharvand-Ahmadi Pathophysi et. al., 2017 [27])