Skip to main content

International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 8 Effect of dough meal flour from plantain, soycake, rice bran and oat bran dough meal and control sample on blood lipid profile of cholesterol-induced Albino Wistar Rats

From: Plantain based dough meal: nutritional property, antioxidant activity and dyslipidemia ameliorating potential in high-fat induced rats

Parameters

SAT

100% Plantain

PSC

PSR

PSO

PSRO

Cerolina

*NR

TC (mg/dL)

154.17 ± 0.38a

26.85 ± 0.09d

20.11 ± 0.02g

22.47 ± 0.08f

28.04 ± 0.02c

34.78 ± 0.08b

25.61 ± 0.02e

< 200

TG (mg/dL)

212.10 ± 0.14a

18.93 ± 0.06e

17.45 ± 0.05g

18.77 ± 0.02f

20.53 ± 0.08d

25.93 ± 0.04c

28.42 ± 0.08b

< 150

HDL-C (mg/dL)

42.64 ± 0.50a

12.20 ± 0.06g

12.89 ± 0.06f

12.93 ± 0.01e

17.72 ± 0.04d

23.72 ± 0.04b

19.48 ± 0.02c

< 50

LDL-C (mg/dL)

64.39 ± 0.14a

10.86 ± 0.05b

3.73 ± 0.04f

5.78 ± 0.06e

6.21 ± 0.09c

5.87 ± 0.05d

0.45 ± 0.02g

< 15

VLDL-conc. (mg/dL)

96.41 ± 3.10a

8.60 ± 0.13e

7.93 ± 0.11g

8.53 ± 0.09f

9.33 ± 0.21d

11.79 ± 0.10c

12.92 ± 0.22b

 

Lipid Health indices of plasma

 Coronary Risk Index

3.62 ± 0.0a

2.20 ± 0.01b

1.56 ± 0.01d

1.74 ± 0.00c

1.58 ± 0.02d

1.47 ± 0.00e

1.31 ± 0.01f

3.421–8.454

 Atherogenic index

1.51 ± 0.11a

0.89 ± 0.00b

0.29 ± 0.00f

0.45 ± 0.00c

0.35 ± 0.01d

0.25 ± 0.00e

0.02 ± 0.00g

2.622–6.623

 Log (TG/HDL-C)

0.69 ± 0.00a

0.19 ± 0.00b

0.13 ± 0.00e

0.16 ± 0.00d

0.06 ± 0.00f

0.04 ± 0.00g

0.16 ± 0.01c

0.11–0.21

Food intake and changes in body weight of experimental animals (g)

 Food intake

1291.02 ± 5.00c

472.00 ± 7.10f

1142.00 ± 4.10e

1403.00 ± 5.20a

1289.00 ± 4.50c

1239.00 ± 3.32d

1344.00 ± 3.20b

 Weight gain

37.14 ± 2.31b

−8.70 ± 0.03f

25.70 ± 2.01d

24.20 ± 3.03e

37.10 ± 2.11b

29.20 ± 3.01c

41.50 ± 2.01a

  1. Key: SAT: rats fed with basal diet + Satin; PLT: rats fed with %100 Plantain; PSC rats fed with (Plantain 70% + Soycake 30%); PSR: rats fed with (Plantain 65% + Soycake 30% + Rice bran 5%); PSO: rats fed with (Plantain 65% + Soycake 30% + Oat bran 5%); PSRO: rats fed wit (Plantain 60% + Soycake 30% + Oat bran 5% + Rice bran 5%) and Cerolina. *NR: American Diabetes Association [124]