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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 2 AChE, BChE, and TYR inhibitory effects of the extracts at 100 μg mL-1

From: Neurobiological evaluation of thirty-one medicinal plant extracts using microtiter enzyme assays

Species Plant part Extract type Inhibitory effect of the extracts (% ± S.E.M.a)
AChE BChE TYR
ALb Fruit DCM -c 14.23 ± 1.22**** 26.55 ± 1.42****
EtOAc - 7.56 ± 2.00**** 27.21 ± 2.55****
EtOH - - 24.23 ± 1.33****
ALb Aerial DCM - - 21.78 ± 0.91****
EtOAc - - 22.12 ± 0.09****
EtOH - 10.19 ± 0.56**** 27.30 ± 2.20****
EE Fruit Juice - 2.15 ± 0.78**** 1.33 ± 0.68****
Fruit EtOH - 15.90 ± 1.93**** 6.18 ± 2.39****
Aerial EtOH - 8.16 ± 1.80**** -
Root EtOH 1.71 ± 0.42**** 15.98 ± 2.94**** 4.92 ± 0.77****
CER Aerial EtOAc 51.33 ± 3.35** 15.21 ± 1.32**** 8.00 ± 1.65****
Aerial MeOH - 10.42 ± 1.43**** 4.38 ± 0.68****
CET Aerial EtOAc - 11.52 ± 3.19**** 2.24 ± 0.15****
Aerial MeOH - 11.55 ± 3.27**** 1.52 ± 0.14****
CM Aerial EtOAc - 13.19 ± 1.26**** -
Aerial MeOH - 14.48 ± 0.24**** 6.24 ± 1.15****
CS Aerial EtOAc 4.20 ± 0.04**** 10.05 ± 1.46**** -
Aerial MeOH 6.55 ± 1.90**** 9.85 ± 1.84**** 15.10 ± 0.30****
CT Aerial EtOAc 12.69 ± 1.70**** 13.03 ± 1.64**** -
Aerial MeOH 14.67 ± 1.80**** 10.32 ± 1.85**** 22.14 ± 2.62****
RC (wild) Aerial EtOH - - 4.36 ± 1.23****
RC (cultivated) Aerial EtOH - - -
CG Aerial EtOH - - -
VH Aerial EtOH - - 3.67 ± 0.42****
OHb Aerial MeOH 22.36 ± 2.93**** 66.88 ± 0.17** 35.28 ± 1.90****
Aerial Aqueous - - -
ZN Aerial EtOH - - -
ZM Leaf EtOH - 5.39 ± 0.40**** 6.34 ± 1.21****
PO Leaf EtOH 10.03 ± 3.00**** 3.18 ± 1.65**** -
Rhizome EtOH 15.77 ± 4.68**** 25.82 ± 1.32**** 5.69 ± 1.35****
Root EtOH 61.88 ± 2.23** 82.55 ± 2.14** 17.04 ± 1.31****
Galanthamined 92.13 ± 1.47 89.95 ± 0.87  
Alpha-kojic acide    87.62 ± 0.23
  1. aStandard error mean (n = 3)
  2. bTested at 200 μg mL-1
  3. cNo inhibitory activity
  4. dReference for AChE and BChE inhibitory effect at 100 μg mL-1
  5. e Reference for TYR inhibitory effect at 200 μg mL-1
  6. [* p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001, **** p < 0.0001]