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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 3 Radical scavenging activity of the extracts against DPPH, DMPD, and NO at 1000 μg mL-1

From: Neurobiological evaluation of thirty-one medicinal plant extracts using microtiter enzyme assays

Species Plant part Extract type Radical scavenging effect (% ± S.E.M.a)
DPPH DMPD NO
ALb Fruit DCM -b - 33.74 ± 2.70****
EtOAc - - 51.65 ± 4.80***
EtOH 9.51 ± 1.32**** 9.51 ± 1.32**** 47.96 ± 3.25****
Aerial DCM - - 24.49 ± 2.28****
EtOAc 3.25 ± 0.35**** 3.25 ± 0.35**** 46.01 ± 1.84****
EtOH 10.88 ± 1.49**** 10.88 ± 1.49**** 48.16 ± 4.66***
EE Fruit Juice 5.98 ± 0.60**** 15.18 ± 3.07**** 34.05 ± 0.53****
Fruit EtOH 12.21 ± 2.34**** - 40.26 ± 2.21****
Aerial EtOH 8.37 ± 2.81**** - 36.17 ± 2.05****
Root EtOH 5.67 ± 2.44**** - 21.19 ± 2.52****
CER Aerial EtOAc 6.02 ± 0.18**** - 19.76 ± 0.85****
MeOH 11.96 ± 3.03**** - 24.75 ± 2.24****
CET Aerial EtOAc 9.85 ± 1.37**** - 7.24 ± 1.67****
MeOH 12.27 ± 2.40**** - 20.23 ± 1.50****
CM Aerial EtOAc 10.55 ± 2.10**** - -
MeOH 23.44 ± 2.27**** - 28.34 ± 0.87****
CS Aerial EtOAc 4.88 ± 0.79**** - -
MeOH 14.26 ± 0.44**** - 30.19 ± 1.06****
CT Aerial EtOAc 6.33 ± 0.54**** - -
MeOH 16.18 ± 1.66**** - 27.64 ± 3.29****
RC (wild) Aerial EtOH 84.99 ± 1.09** 8.47 ± 1.79**** 33.72 ± 3.15****
RC (Cultivated) Aerial EtOH 19.38 ± 1.34**** - 22.57 ± 2.02****
CG Aerial EtOH 15.34 ± 2.84**** - 28.21 ± 0.62****
VH Aerial EtOH 11.18 ± 2.33**** - 30.85 ± 2.83****
OHb Aerial MeOH 41.19 ± 1.19**** - §c
Aqueous 30.22 ± 1.66**** - §
ZN Aerial EtOH 84.96 ± 0.35** - 70.19 ± 0.43***
ZM Leaf EtOH 41.66 ± 2.02*** - 41.82 ± 1.97****
PO Leaf EtOH 8.43 ± 0.93**** - 47.24 ± 1.61***
Rhizome EtOH 34.45 ± 1.32**** 4.47 ± 1.77**** 33.62 ± 0.03****
Root EtOH 82.77 ± 0.77** 15.92 ± 1.98**** 46.45 ± 1.61***
Quercetine 90.13 ± 0.31   
EDTAf   96.21 ± 0.13  
Gallic acidg    93.12 ± 3.11
  1. aStandard error mean (n = 3)
  2. bTested at 2000 μg mL-1
  3. cNo scavenging activity
  4. dNot tested
  5. eReference for DPPH radical scavenging activity at 1000 μg mL-1
  6. fReference for DMPD radical scavenging activity at 2000 at 200 μg mL-1
  7. gReference for NO radical scavenging activity at 1000 μg mL-1
  8. [* p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001, **** p < 0.0001]