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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 3 Effects of administration of ethanolic extract, aqueous and n-hexane partitioned extracts of X. aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich on the antioxidant system in the liver of healthy rats

From: Influence of ethanolic extracts of dried fruit of Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich on haematological and biochemical parameters in healthy Wistar rats

Group GSH (μmol/g protein) MDA (μmol/mg of tissue) Total Thiol (μmol/g of protein) CAT (U/g of protein) SOD (U/g of protein) POD (U/g of protein) γ –GT (U/g of protein)
Control 4.90 ± 0.11a 75.38 ± 4.80a 20.04 ± 0.11a 169.08 ± 15.31a 15.80 ± 1.27a 1.85 ± 0.618ab 1.76 ± 0.21a
HPE 100 mg/kg 18.24 ± 1.75b 33.08 ± 1.45b 76.76 ± 4.04b 217.25 ± 18.62a 42.19 ± 6.79b 2.77 ± 0.37abc 4.42 ± 0.32ab
HPE 200 mg/kg 10.76 ± 1.70bc 57.31 ± 0.49c 46.85 ± 3.75c 237.23 ± 50.71ad 56.18 ± 13.17b 3.49 ± 0.73c 15.04 ± 2.15c
APE 100 mg/kg 15.03 ± 1.16b 101.54 ± 7.54d 51.94 ± 5.26c 204.06 ± 22.02a 16.86 ± 3.70a 2.75 ± 0.68abc 6.36 ± 0.79b
APE 200 mg/kg 12.72 ± 8.32b 101.73 ± 8.99d 18.79 ± 1.42a 181.32 ± 17.43a 14.06 ± 1.69a 1.3 ± 0.18a 1.14 ± 0.14a
ECE 100 mg/kg 7.58 ± 1.04a 96.73 ± 7.62d 22.81 ± 2.49a 300.69 ± 12.55de 14.33 ± 1.58a 3.2 ± 0.30bc 1.59 ± 0.07a
ECE 200 mg/kg 10.35 ± 0.56bc 109.42 ± 7.05d 31.61 ± 1.89e 333.39 ± 28.17e 22.07 ± 2.68a 2.7 ± 0.32abc 3.11 ± 0.46ab
  1. Data presented as Mean ± SEM, n = 5, values within a column with different superscript are significantly different at p < 0.05. HPE n-hexane partitioned extract, APE Aqueous partitioned extract, ECE Ethanolic extract, GSH Reduced Glutathione, MDA malondialdehyde, CAT Catalase, SOD Superoxide dismutase, POD Peroxidase, γ-GT γ-glutamyl transpeptidase