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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 1 Plants used in the treatment of diabetes in Morocco, cited in ethnobotanical studies

From: Ethnopharmacological review of medicinal plants used to manage diabetes in Morocco

FamilyPlant speciesVernacular namePart usedPreparationNumber of citationsReferences
AizoaceaeMesembryanthemum theurkauffii (Maire) MaireAfzuLeaf and fruitDecoction and powder1[18]
AmaranthaceaeAnabasis aretioides Moq. & Coss. ex BungeChajra ma yeharrekha rih/selliiAerial partsDecoction3[17, 18, 21]
AmaranthaceaeAtriplex halimus L.LegtefLeafPowder, decoction and maceration1[18]
AmaranthaceaeDysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & ClemantsMkhinzaLeafInfusion9[12,13,14, 16, 18, 19, 22,23,24]
AmaranthaceaeHammada scoparia (Pomel) IljinAssaySeedDecoction1[2]
AmaranthaceaeSalsola tetragona DelileLaaradLeaf and fruitPowder1[18]
AmaryllidaceaeAllium ampeloprasum L.BorroBulbRaw2[18, 25]
AmaryllidaceaeAllium cepa L.BaslaBulbRaw and juice14[2, 12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22, 24, 25]
AmaryllidaceaeAllium sativum L.Tiskert /ToumaBulbRaw9[12, 13, 17,18,19, 21,22,23,24]
AnacardiaceaePistacia atlantica Desf.Btem/Igg/DrouFruitDecoction1[2]
AnacardiaceaePistacia lentiscus L.Trou/TidektLeaf, gum and ecorceInfusion and decoction3[13, 14, 17]
AnacardiaceaeSearsia albida (Schousb.) MoffettZewaya/anaffisFruitRaw1[18]
AnacardiaceaeSearsia tripartita (Ucria) MoffettJdariLeafPowder1[18]
ApiaceaeAmmi visnaga (L.) Lam.Bachnikha / BarghanisseInflorescence (umbel)Decoction11[12,13,14,15,16,17, 19,20,21,22,23]
ApiaceaeAmmodaucus leucotrichus Coss.Kamoun soufiSeedInfusion and decoction3[12, 17, 18]
ApiaceaeApium graveolens L.KrafessSeedInfusion1[12]
ApiaceaeCarum carvi L.LkarwyaSeedDecoction7[2, 17,18,19,20,21, 24]
ApiaceaeCoriandrum sativum LKosborSeedInfusion6[12, 15,16,17, 20, 25]
ApiaceaeCuminum cyminum L.KamounSeedPowder2[17, 18]
ApiaceaeDaucus carota L.KhizouRootJuice and puree3[13, 17, 18]
ApiaceaeEryngium ilicifolium Lam.Tasnant/IglifinStem and leafDecoction and powder1[2]
ApiaceaeFoeniculum vulgare Mill.NafaaSeedDecoction9[2, 12, 17,18,19,20,21,22, 24]
ApiaceaePastinaca sativa L.Left lmahfourRootRaw2[2, 24]
ApiaceaePetroselinum crispm (Mill.) FussMaadnoussSeedInfusion4[12, 17, 18, 24]
ApiaceaePimpinella anisum L.Habbat hlawaSeedDecoction and powder7[2, 12, 15, 17, 18, 24, 25]
ApiaceaePtychotis verticillata DubyNounkhaAerial partsInfusion2[13, 23]
ApiaceaeRidolfia segetum (L.) MorisTebchSeedPowder1[17]
ApocynaceaeApteranthes europaea (Guss.) Murb.Oukan iddanStemDecoction, infusion, and raw1[2]
ApocynaceaeCalotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand.TurjaLeafPowder1[18]
ApocynaceaeCaralluma europaea (Guss.) N.E.Br.DaghmousAerial partsMaceration3[12, 17, 26]
ApocynaceaeNerium oleander L.Defla/AliliLeafFumigation and decoction13[2, 12, 14, 15, 17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24, 26]
ApocynaceaePeriploca laevigata subsp. angustifolia (Labill.) Markgr.AsllifFruitDecoction2[2, 26]
ArecaceaeChamaerops humilis L.Dum /Tiguezden / IgnaddRootRaw and cooked2[13, 17]
ArecaceaeHyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart.Dum/karurFruitPowder1[18]
ArecaceaePhoenix dactylifera LTmarFruitRaw and decoction5[12, 17, 18, 20, 23]
AristolochiaceaeAristolochia baetica L.Tiswik nigrane / BerztemRootPowder1[26]
AristolochiaceaeAristolochia fontanesii Boiss. & Reut.BerztemSeedDecoction4[15, 17,18,19]
AsparagaceaeAgave americana L.Ssabra/SayberLeafDecoction1[17]
AsparagaceaeAsparagus albus L.Sekkum /AzzuYoung sproutsRaw1[13]
BerberidaceaeBerberis vulgaris subsp. australis (Boiss.) HeywoodArghis/AtizarLeafy stemDecoction1[17]
BrassicaceaeAnastatica hierochuntica L.Chajarat Maryem/lkemchaStem and leafPowder2[13, 18]
BrassicaceaeBrassica napus L.LeftRhizomeJuice1[18]
BrassicaceaeBrassica nigra (L.) K. KochElkhardelFlowerPowder and infusion1[17]
BrassicaceaeBrassica oleracea L.Krunb mkawar/melfufAerial parts and fruitRaw and maceration4[12, 13, 17, 18]
BrassicaceaeBrassica rapa L.Left beldiRoot and leafDecoction2[13, 17]
BrassicaceaeDiplotaxis pitardiana MaireKerkaz/ElharraFlowerPowder2[17, 18]
BrassicaceaeEruca vesicaria (L.) Cav.LjerjirAerial partsJuice1[18]
BrassicaceaeLepidium sativum L.Hab errechadSeedMaceration, decoction and infusion7[12, 17,18,19, 21, 24, 25]
BrassicaceaeNasturtium officinale R.Br.GernunesLeafy steemMaceration1[18]
BrassicaceaePtilotrichum spinosum (L.) Boiss.AguerbazStem and leafDecoction1[13]
BrassicaceaeRaphanus sativus L.LfjelRootRaw5[2, 12, 17, 18, 24]
BuxaceaeBuxus balearica Lam.Azazer /lbakousLeafDecoction2[13, 17]
BuxaceaeBuxus sempervirens L.LbeksLeafDecoction1[19]
CactaceaeOpuntia ficus indica (L.) Mill.Lhndia/AknariStem, root and flowerDecoction, juice and powder10[2, 12, 13, 15,16,17,18, 20, 22, 24]
CapparaceaeCapparis decidua (Forssk.) Edgew.IgninFruitPowder1[18]
CapparaceaeCapparis spinosa L.Kabar /TaylulutAerial parts, fruit and rootPowder, decoction and infusion11[13, 14, 16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23, 26]
CapparaceaeMaerua crassifolia Forssk.Atil/Sedra lkhadraLeafPowder and decoction1[18]
CaryophyllaceaeHerniaria glabra L.Hrasset lehjerAerial partsDecoction1[22]
CaryophyllaceaeParonychia argentea Lam.Tahidourt n’imksaoumLeafy stemInfusion1[26]
CaryophyllaceaeSilene vivianii Steud.Gern lebzalSteemRaw1[18]
CistaceaeCistus albidus L.BoutourLeafDecoction1[13]
CistaceaeCistus creticus L.IrgelLeafDecoction and powder3[2, 17, 26]
CistaceaeCistus laurifolius L.AgullidSeed and flowerPowder2[17, 26]
CistaceaeCistus salviifolius L.Irgel/TirgeltLeaf and seedDecoction and powder2[2, 17]
ColchicaceaeAndrocymbium gramineum (Cav.) J.F.Macbr.Temrate leghrabBulbInfusion1[17]
CompositaeAchillea odorata L.ElqorteLeaf and flowerInfusion1[17]
CompositaeAnacyclus pyrethrum (L.) Lag.Iguntas /TagundechtRootInfusion and powder1[13]
CompositaeAntennaria dioica (L.) Gaertn.Ouden elfarLeafDecoction1[17]
CompositaeAnvillea garcinii subsp. radiata (Coss. & Durieu) Anderb.NegdLeafDecoction and powder1[18]
CompositaeArtemisia abrotanum L.ChihAerial partsDecoction1[17]
CompositaeArtemisia absinthium L.ChibaAerial partsInfusion10[12, 14, 16, 17, 19,20,21,22,23,24]
CompositaeArtemisia atlantica Coss. & DurieuChih ourikaAerial partsInfusion1[17]
CompositaeArtemisia herba-alba AssoIzri/Chih dwidiSteam, leaf and rootDecoction and infusion15[2, 12, 14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26]
CompositaeArtemisia mesatlantica MaireChih alaallssat/Chih elkhrayssiAerial partsDecoction1[17]
CompositaeArtemisia reptans C.Sm. ex LinkChihiyaLeafDecoction1[18]
CompositaeCentaurea maroccana BalBejjaae nhal/NogguirFlowerInfusion1[17]
CompositaeChamaemelum nobile (L.) All.BabounjLeafDecoction2[15, 17]
CompositaeCichorium intybus L.BuaggadRootInfusion1[18]
CompositaeCladanthus arabicus (L.) Cass.TaafsFlowerInfusion1[17]
CompositaeCladanthus scariosus (Ball) Oberpr. & VogtArzgi/irzgiFlowerDecoction1[26]
CompositaeCynara cardunculus L.KharchoufAerial partsDecoction7[12, 15, 17,18,19,20, 22]
CompositaeDittrichia viscosa (L.) GreuterTerehla/BagramanLeafDecoction3[13, 17, 26]
CompositaeEchinops spinosissimus TurraTaskraFlowerDecoction3[2, 15, 26]
CompositaeInula conyza (Griess.) DC.TerrehlaRootDecoction1[17]
CompositaeInula helenium L.Terrehla damnatiyaLeaf and flowerdecoction1[17]
CompositaeLactuca sativa L.KhesLeafRaw4[12, 17, 21, 22]
CompositaeLaunaea arborescens (Batt.) Murb.Iferskel/MoulbnaStem, leaf, root and flowerPowder, decoction and infusion3[2, 17, 18]
CompositaeMatricaria chamomilla L.MansaniaLeaf and flowerDecoction and infusion3[14, 17, 24]
CompositaePallenis spinosa (L.) Cass.NugdAerial partsdecoction1[17]
CompositaeScolymus hispanicus L.Gurnina /TaghdiutStem and leafRaw and decoction3[13, 17, 26]
CompositaeScorzonera undulata VahlTamtlaFlowerRaw1[2]
CompositaeSonchus arvensis L.Kettan elhenchLeafInfusion1[15]
CompositaeSonchus tenerrimus L.TifafLeafDecoction1[18]
CompositaeTanacetum vulgare LLbalssamStemInfusion1[17]
CompositaeTaraxacum campylodes G.E.HaglundLhandbaFlower and rootDecoction1[17]
CompositaeWarionia saharae Benthem ex Benth. & Coss.AfssasLeafInfusion and powder2[2, 18]
CucurbitaceaeCitrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad.Aferziz/lhdejSeed and fruitDecoction, cataplasm and powder11[2, 12, 13, 17,18,19, 21,22,23, 25, 26]
CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativus L.LkhiarFruitRaw6[2, 12, 13, 17, 18, 24]
CucurbitaceaeCucurbita maxima DuchesneGaraa lhamraLeafDecoction1[18]
CucurbitaceaeCucurbita pepo L.Takhsait/curjtFruitRaw and decoction5[13, 14, 17, 18, 24]
CupressaceaeJuniperus phoenicea L.Araar finiquiLeaf and aerial partsPowder, decoction and maceration4[13, 17,18,19]
CupressaceaeJuniperus thurifera LTawaytLeafDecoction1[13]
CupressaceaeTetraclinis articulata (Vahl) Mast.AraarLeaf and aerial partsInfusion and maceration9[12,13,14,15, 17, 21,22,23,24]
CynomoriaceaeCynomorium coccinum L.TertutSteemPowder1[18]
CyperaceaeBolboschoenus maritimus (L.) PallaSsmarSeedDecoction1[17]
CyperaceaeCyperus rotundus L.TaraLeafPowder1[18]
DracaenaceaeDracaena draco subsp. ajgal Benabid & CuzinAjgalStem and leafDecoction1[2]
EphedraceaeEphedra alata Decne.ChdidaLeafy stemDecoction and powder1[18]
EphedraceaeEphedra altissima Desf.Tougel arganStem, leaf and wholeplantDecoction2[2, 24]
EphedraceaeEphedra fragilis Desf.AmaterLeafy stemDecoction1[26]
EricaceaeArbutus unedo L.SasnuLeaf and rootDecoction5[13, 14, 22,23,24]
EuphorbiaceaeEuphorbia officinarum subsp. echinus (Hook. f. & Coss.) VindtTikiout/Daghmouss/zakoumFruit, stem and leafMaceraion, decoction, powder and juice4[2, 16,17,18]
EuphorbiaceaeEuphorbia officinarum LTikiout/DaghmoussStem and leafPowder1[2]
EuphorbiaceaeEuphorbia resinifera O.BergTikiwtLeafA drop latex in a glass of water4[13, 19, 24, 26]
EuphorbiaceaeMercurialis annua L.Hurriga elmalssaLeafy stemInfusion, decoction and juice2[17, 18]
EuphorbiaceaeRicinus communis L.Awriwer/LkharwaaSeedPoultice1[18]
FagaceaeQuercus coccifera L.ElqermezLeafDecoction1[17]
GentianaceaeCentaurium erythraea RafnQusset elhayya / Ahchlaf ntawrraFlowering and aerial partsInfusion and decoction4[13, 14, 17, 22]
IridaceaeCrocus sativus L.Zaafran lhorStigmaInfusion1[18]
JuglandaceaeJuglans regia L.Swak / GargaaLeaf and barkInfusion and decoction6[13, 17, 18, 22, 23, 26]
JuncaceaeJuncus maritimus Lam.SsemarFruit and stemDecoction2[17, 18]
LamiaceaeAjuga iva (L.) Schreb.Timerna nzenkhad/ ChndkouraStem and leafPowder and decoction12[2, 12,13,14,15, 17,18,19, 22,23,24, 26]
LamiaceaeBallota hirsuta BenthMerrou elhrami/MerrouLeafy stemDecoction1[17]
LamiaceaeClinopodium alpinum (L.) KuntzeZiitraLeafDecoction2[18, 25]
LamiaceaeClinopodium nepeta subsp. glandulosum (Req.) GovaertsMantaAerial partsInfusion and decoction2[14, 15]
LamiaceaeLavandula angustifolia MillElkhzama zerqa/ Elkhzama FassiyaAerial parts and leafy stemInfusion and decoction1[17]
LamiaceaeLavandula dentata L.Timzeria/Lakhzama/ JaadaStem and leafDecoction, powder, infusion and raw6[2, 14, 17, 21,22,23]
LamiaceaeLavandula maroccana Murb.IgazioenStem and leafDecoction2[2, 26]
LamiaceaeLavandula multifida LKhilt lkheyl/ KohaylaLeafDecoction1[18]
LamiaceaeLavandula stoechas L.Imzeria/Tikenkert/LhalhalLeafDecoction5[2, 12, 13, 17, 18]
LamiaceaeMarrubium vulgare L.Mriwt/IfziLeaf and aerial partsDecoction and infusion14[2, 12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19, 21,22,23,24,25]
LamiaceaeMentha pulegium L.FliouLeaf and aerial partsDecoction and infusion8[2, 13, 15, 17,18,19, 21, 23, 25]
LamiaceaeMentha spicata L.Nanaa/LiqamaLeaf and leafy stemInfusion and decoction2[17, 18]
LamiaceaeOcimum basilicum L.LahbaqStemInfusion2[13, 17]
LamiaceaeOriganum compactum Benth.Azukenni/Zaater/ Zaatar tadlawiStem and leafDecoction and infusion8[13,14,15, 17, 18, 21,22,23]
LamiaceaeOriganum elongatum (Bonnet) Emb. & MaireZaaterLeafInfusion1[25]
LamiaceaeOriganum majorana L.BerdedouchLeafPowder1[18]
LamiaceaeOriganum vulgare LZaatarLeafInfusion1[12]
LamiaceaeRosmarinus officinalis L.AzirLeafPowder, decoction and infusion11[2, 13,14,15, 17,18,19, 21,22,23, 25]
LamiaceaeSalvia officinalis L.SalmiaLeafDecoction and infusion11[2, 12, 13, 15,16,17,18,19, 22,23,24, 26]
LamiaceaeTeucrium polium L.Tawerart/Flyou lbour/jaaidiaLeafDecoction and powder3[2, 19, 26]
LamiaceaeThymus broussonetii Boiss.ZietraLeaf and stemInfusion and maceration1[25]
LamiaceaeThymus algeriensis Boiss. & Reut.Aduchen /Azukni / ZaitraStem and leafDecoction and infusion1[13]
LamiaceaeThymus munbyanus Boiss. & ReutAduchen /Azukni / ZaitraStem and leafDecoction and infusion1[13]
LamiaceaeThymus satureioides Coss.Asserkna/ ZiitraLeafInfusion, decoction, powder, and maceration2[2, 17]
LamiaceaeThymus vulgaris L.Aduchen /Azukni / ZaitraLeafDecoction and infusion3[2, 13, 17]
LamiaceaeThymus zygis L.Aduchen /Azukni / ZaitraStem and leafDecoction and infusion1[13]
LauraceaeCinnamomum cassia (L.) J.PreslQarfaBarkDecoction5[13, 15, 17, 19, 21]
LauraceaeCinnamomum verum J.PreslDar essiniBarkMaceration3[17, 18, 25]
LauraceaeLaurus nobilis L.Ourak sidna moussa/ RandLeafInfusion and decoction2[12, 17]
LauraceaePersea americana Mill.LavocaSeedPowder4[16, 18, 19, 25]
LeguminosaeAcacia nilotica (L.) DelileAmur/SllahaFruitPowder1[18]
LeguminosaeAcacia senegal (L.) Willd.LaalekGumPowder1[18]
LeguminosaeAcacia tortilis (Forssk.) HayneTelh/TadouteRoot, fruit and leafDecoction and powder2[17, 18]
LeguminosaeAnagyris foetida L.Ful gnawaSeedPowder1[18]
LeguminosaeArachis hypogaea L.Lgerta/KawkawSeedPowder1[18]
LeguminosaeCeratonia siliqua L.Tikida/LkharoubLeaf and seedDecoction, infusion and powder6[2, 12, 17, 18, 24, 25]
LeguminosaeCicer arietinum L.LhemmesSeedDecoction and powder2[18, 24]
LeguminosaeFaidherbia albida (Delile) A.Chev.Chok/Talh/MimouzaRootDecoction1[17]
LeguminosaeGlycine max (L.) Merr.SojaSeedMaceration and raw5[2, 12, 20, 24, 26]
LeguminosaeGlycyrrhiza glabra LArk soussBarkInfusion1[25]
LeguminosaeLupinus albus L.Tirms/Foul gnawaSeedPowder, Infusion and decoction7[16,17,18,19, 21, 22, 24]
LeguminosaeLupinus angustifolius L.Ibawn dekoukSeedPowder and decoction3[2, 17, 26]
LeguminosaeLupinus luteus L.Kikel/SemqalaSeedDecoction1[17]
LeguminosaeMedicago sativa L.FassaAerial parts and seedInfusion, maceration and cooked5[12, 13, 17, 18, 24]
LeguminosaeOnonis natrix L.Hennet regLeafDecoction1[18]
LeguminosaeOnonis tournefortii Coss.AfezdadLeafDecoction1[18]
LeguminosaePhaseolus vulgaris L.LubyaFruitDecoction, powder and Juice4[13, 16,17,18]
LeguminosaeRetama raetam (Forssk.) WebbRtam/AllugRoot and leafDecoction1[17]
LeguminosaeRetama sphaerocarpa (L.) Boiss.RtemRootDecoction1[20]
LeguminosaeTrigonella foenum-graecum L.Lhelba/TifidasSeedDecoction, infusion, maceration and powder16[2, 12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26]
LeguminosaeVicia faba L.FulSeedPowder1[18]
LeguminosaeVicia sativa L.Ayn larnabSeedPowder1[18]
LeguminosaeVigna radiata (L.) R.WilczekSojaSeedPowder1[18]
LeguminosaeVigna unguiculata (L.) WalpFul gnawaSeedDecoction1[17]
LinaceaeLinum usitatissimum L.Zariat elkattanSeedDecoction and powder7[2, 13, 15, 17, 18, 21, 25]
LythraceaeLawsonia inermis L.LhennaLeafDecoction and cataplasme2[17, 21]
LythraceaePunica granatum L.RmanPericarpDecoction, infusion, and powder8[2, 13, 15, 17,18,19,20,21]
MalvaceaeAbelmoschus esculentus (L.) MoenchLmloukhiaFruitMaceration2[13, 25]
MalvaceaeHibiscus sabdariffa L.Karkadi/BissamCalycesInfusion3[17, 18, 26]
MolluginaceaeCorrigiola litoralis subsp. telephiifolia (Pourr.) Briq.Sarghina / TawsarghineRootPowder2[13, 17]
MoraceaeFicus carica L.Tazart/Lkarmous/Karma/chriha/ElbakurFruit and leafDecoction8[2, 13, 15, 17, 20, 22,23,24]
MoraceaeMorus alba L.Tut lbariLeafInfusion3[13, 17, 19]
MusaceaeMusa × paradisiaca L.BananLeafDecoction1[18]
MyristicaceaeMyristica fragrans Houtt.LgouzaSeedPowder1[2]
MyrtaceaeEucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.CalitusLeafDecoction1[18]
MyrtaceaeEucalyptus globulus Labill.CalitusLeaf and fruitDecoction8[13,14,15, 17, 21,22,23,24]
MyrtaceaeMyrtus communis L.RihaneLeaf and fruitDecoction and infusion8[13, 14, 17, 20,21,22,23,24]
MyrtaceaeSyzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.PerryKranfalFruit and cloveInfusion, decoction, powder and maceration8[2, 14, 17,18,19, 22, 24, 25]
NitrariaceaePeganum harmala L.LharmelSeedInfusion and powder7[13, 15, 17, 20,21,22,23]
OleaceaeFraxinus angustifolia VahlTouzaltLeafInfusion2[13, 23]
OleaceaeOlea europaea L.Jbouj/Azmour/ZitounLeaf, fruit and flowerDecoction, infusion, maceration and powder15[2, 12, 13, 15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26]
PapaveraceaeFumaria officinalis L.Hachichat assebyaneRootDecoction1[17]
PapaveraceaePapaver rhoeas L.BelaamanSeedPowder3[2, 24, 26]
PedaliaceaeSesamum indicum L.JanjlanSeedPowder, Infusion and decoction7[2, 14, 18, 20,21,22, 24]
PlantaginaceaeGlobularia alypum L.Ayen lerneb/ TaselghaFlower,l eaf and stemInfusion and decoction10[13, 15,16,17,18,19, 21,22,23, 26]
PlantaginaceaeGlobularia repens Lam.Ain lernabLeafDecoction1[12]
PlumbaginaceaeLimonium sinuatum (L.) Mill.LgarsaLeafDecoction1[18]
PoaceaeAvena sativa L.KhortalSeedPowder, infusion and decoction2[13, 17]
PoaceaeAvena sterilis L.Waskone/ KhortalSeedPowder1[26]
PoaceaeCastellia tuberculosa (Moris) BorZwan lmkarkebSeedDecoction1[17]
PoaceaeCynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.NjemRootDecoction1[18]
PoaceaeHordeum vulgare L.Chair/ZraaAerial parts and seedInfusion, powder and maceration3[2, 17, 18]
PoaceaeLolium perenne L.EziwaneSeedDecoction1[26]
PoaceaePanicum miliaceum L.TafssoutSeedDecoction1[17]
PoaceaePanicum turgidum Forssk.Umm rekbaStemDecoction and powder1[18]
PoaceaePennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br.IllanSeedInfusion and powder3[12, 17, 18]
PoaceaePhalaris canariensis L.ZouanSeed and fruitPowder, infusion and decoction6[2, 13, 14, 16, 17, 24]
PoaceaePolypogon monspeliensis (L.) DesfTuggaFruitRaw1[18]
PoaceaeSorghum bicolor (L.) MoenchBachnaSeedInfusion and decoction3[13, 15, 23]
PoaceaeTriticum durum Desf.ZraaSeedDecoction1[17]
PoaceaeZea mays L.Lahyat AdraStigmasPowder3[14, 24, 26]
PolygonaceaeEmex spinosa (L.) Campd.LhenzabLeaf and bulbPowder1[18]
PortulacaceaePortulaca oleracea L.RejlaAerial partsDecoction3[12, 17, 26]
RanunculaceaeNigella sativa L.Haba souda /SanoujSeedInfusion, decoction and powder15[2, 13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26]
RhamnaceaeZiziphus lotus (L.) Lam.Nbeg/Azouggar/ssdraLeaf, fruit and rootDecoction and powder10[2, 15, 17,18,19,20, 22,23,24, 26]
RosaceaeCydonia oblonga Mill.SferjelFruitRaw1[20]
RosaceaeChaenomeles sinensis (Dum.Cours.) KoehneSferjelRootDecoction2[18, 22]
RosaceaeEriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.MzahLeafInfusion3[13, 15, 23]
RosaceaeFragaria vesca LFraiz berriFruitRaw1[22]
RosaceaeMalus communis (L.) Poir.EtefahFruitJuice1[26]
RosaceaePrunus armeniaca L.Luz elharSeedDecoction1[17]
RosaceaePrunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. WebbLouz imrzig/ Louz morrSeed and leafRaw and decoction12[2, 14, 15, 17, 18, 20,21,22,23,24,25,26]
RosaceaeRubus vulgaris Weihe & NeesLaaligLeafPowder1[17]
RubiaceaeRubia tinctorum L.FowwaRootPowder1[18]
RutaceaeCitrus medica LLhamed beldîFruitJuice and infusion1[17]
RutaceaeCitrus paradisi Macfad.PamblamusFruitJuice1[17]
RutaceaeCitrus sinensis (L.) OsbeckLimunFruitRaw and juice2[12, 18]
RutaceaeCitrus × aurantium LLarenj/Zenbue/trunjLeaf, fruit and flowerJuice, infusion and decoction7[14, 16,17,18,19,20,21]
RutaceaeRuta graveolens L.LfijelRootDecoction2[17, 18]
RutaceaeRuta montana (L.) L.LFijel /IwermiStem and leafDecoction, infusion and powder7[13,14,15, 17, 19, 20, 23]
SalicaceaeSalix alba L.Salef lmaLeafDecoction1[19]
SantalaceaeViscum album LLenjbarSeedInfusion1[15]
SapotaceaeArgania spinosa (L.) SkeelsArganSeedRaw and powder8[2, 13, 15,16,17,18, 25, 26]
SchisandraceaeIllicium verum Hook.f.BadianaFruitDecoction1[17]
SolanaceaeCapsicum annuum L.Felfel Hârr/ soudaniaFruitRaw3[13, 14, 18]
SolanaceaeDatura stramonium L.Sdag jmel/MetalSeedDecoction1[18]
SolanaceaeLycopersicon esculentum Mill.MatichaFruitRaw2[17, 18]
SolanaceaeNicotiana tabacum L.NefhaLeafDecoction1[14]
SolanaceaeSolanum americanum Mill.Aneb dibLeafInfusion1[17]
TaxaceaeTaxus baccata L.Guelguem/AguelguimtRootDecoction1[17]
TheaceaeCamellia sinensis (L.) KuntzeAttayLeafInfusion and decoction6[2, 12, 15, 17, 18, 24]
ThymelaeaceaeThymelaea hirsuta (L.) Endl.MetnanLeafy stemPowder2[17, 23]
ThymelaeaceaeThymelaea tartonraira (L.) All.TalazaztLeafDecoction1[20]
ThymelaeaceaeThymelaea virgata (Desf.) Endl.MetnanLeafy stemDecoction1[17]
UrticaceaeUrtica dioica L.Taznagt/Tigzenin/LhrigaStem and leafDecoction and infusion8[2, 14, 15, 17, 19, 23, 24, 26]
UrticaceaeUrtica pilulifera L.Hurriga / TisrakmazLeafDecoction2[13, 22]
VerbenaceaeAloysia citriodora PalauAlwizaLeafDecoction and infusion4[14,15,16, 18]
VerbenaceaeVerbena officinalis L.AlwizaLeafDecoction1[25]
VitaceaeVitis vinifera L.Dalya/Zbib/Kerma/AdiliteLeafDecoction3[17, 18, 20]
XanthorrhoeaceaeAloe succotrina Lam.Ssabra/SiberLeafPowder5[15, 17, 18, 21, 22]
XanthorrhoeaceaeAsphodelus microcarpus Salzm. & Viv.Lberwag/blaluz/TaziaTuberRaw2[17, 18]
XanthorrhoeaceaeAsphodelus tenuifolius Cav.Lehyat al aatrus/Tazya/LberiwigaLeafDecoction1[17]
ZingiberaceaeZingiber officinale RoscoeSekinjbirRhizomeDecoction, infusion, powder and maceration5[14, 15, 18, 19, 25]
ZygophyllaceaeTetraena gaetula (Emb. & Maire) Beier & ThulinAagaiaLeaf, root and seedPowder, Infusion and decoction10[2, 13, 14, 17,18,19,20,21,22,23]