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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Fig. 3 | Clinical Phytoscience

Fig. 3

From: Self-emulsifying formulation of Spinacia oleracea reduces the dose and escalates bioavailability of bioactive compounds to accelerate fracture repair in rats

Fig. 3

a Representative confocal images (X100) of calcein labeling in the drill-hole site of various groups. b Data shows the quantification of the mean intensity of calcein labeling at the drill-hole site after treatment. Expression of osteogenic genes BMP2 (c), COL1 (d), BMP4 (e) quantitated by qPCR at fracture site. Values represent Mean ± SEM (n = 10 rats/group).*p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001 compared with control. #p < 0.05, ##p < 0.01, ###p < 0.001 compared to formulated extract (FDSE) with corresponding dose of extract (DSE).@p < 0.05, @@p < 0.01, @@@p < 0.001 compared to PTH

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