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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Table 4 Preliminary qualitative phytochemical screening of the studied plants

From: Efficacy, safety and phytochemistry of medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes mellitus in Ethiopia: a systematic review

Test Alema et al., 2020 [10] Belayneh et al 2019 [12] Birru et al 2015 [21] Hammeso et al 2015 Shewamene et al 2015 [16] Tafesse et al 2017 [20] Tamiru et al 2012 [28] Tekulu et al 2019 [25] Toma et al 2014 [8] Amare et al., 2020 [35] Melaku and Amare et al., 2020 [35]
Plant Terminalia brownii Fresen Datura stramonium L Indigofera spicata Forssk Aloe megalacantha Baker Otostegia integrifolia Benth Ajuga remota Benth Caylusea abyssinica Aloe megalacanta and Aloe monticola Moringa stenopetala Aloe pulcherrima Datura stramonium Linn
Flavonoids + + + + + + +   + + +
Phenols + + + + + +   + + +
Tannins + + + + + +   + + +
Saponins + a + + + + +   a + +
Alkaloids a + + + +   a + +
Terpenoids + + + a a a   a a +
Glycosides a + + + a a +   a + +
Steroids + + + + +   a +
Anthraquinones a + a + a   a +
  1. Abbreviations: +, present; −, absent; a not tested