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International Journal of Phytomedicine and Phytotherapy

Fig. 4 | Clinical Phytoscience

Fig. 4

From: Evaluation of cerebroprotective effect of Ricinus communis leaves against ischemia reperfusion injury in rats

Fig. 4

Spatial memory test via elevated maize model in the different treatment groups. Where, values are indicated as mean ± SEM; (n = 5) in each group. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA followed by Dunnett’s test when RCLD, RCHD, and SDTG groups were compared to the I/R group, while the I/R group was compared to the Sham group. ap < 0.01, when compared to Sham Group, bp < 0.05, cp < 0.01, dp < 0.001 when compared to I/R group

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